“Pencil in the phoenix for around 2018, and welcome it when it comes.”
Speechless! 😀 I was thinking of The Phoenix Club, or The Phoenix Society?… or The Order Of The Phoenix… then someone reminded of Harry butthole pussy Potter! … no-one could have predicted that crock of shit thirty years ago… GOD DAMN YOU POTTER! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7X3Sx9JrNLk
COVER: “GET READY FOR A WORLD CURRENCY” Title of article: Get Ready for the Phoenix Source: Economist; 01/9/88, Vol. 306, pp 9-10
THIRTY years from now, Americans, Japanese, Europeans, and people in many other rich countries, and some relatively poor ones will probably be paying for their shopping with the same currency. Prices will be quoted not in dollars, yen or D-marks but in, let’s say, the phoenix. The phoenix will be favoured by companies and shoppers because it will be more convenient than today’s national currencies, which by then will seem a quaint cause of much disruption to economic life in the last twentieth century.
At the beginning of 1988 this appears an outlandish prediction. Proposals for eventual monetary union proliferated five and ten years ago, but they hardly envisaged the setbacks of 1987. The governments of the big economies tried to move an inch or two towards a more managed system of exchange rates – a logical preliminary, it might seem, to radical monetary reform. For lack of cooperation in their underlying economic policies they bungled it horribly, and provoked the rise in interest rates that brought on the stock market crash of October. These events have chastened exchange-rate reformers. The market crash taught them that the pretence of policy co-operation can be worse than nothing, and that until real cooperation is feasible (i.e., until governments surrender some economic sovereignty) further attempts to peg currencies will founder.
But in spite of all the trouble governments have in reaching and (harder still) sticking to international agreements about macroeconomic policy, the conviction is growing that exchange rates cannot be left to themselves. Remember that the Louvre accord and its predecessor, the Plaza agreement of September 1985, were emergency measures to deal with a crisis of currency instability. Between 1983 and 1985 the dollar rose by 34% against the currencies of America’s trading partners; since then it has fallen by 42%. Such changes have skewed the pattern of international comparative advantage more drastically in four years than underlying economic forces might do in a whole generation.
In the past few days the world’s main central banks, fearing another dollar collapse, have again jointly intervened in the currency markets (see page 62). Market loving ministers such as Britain’s Mr. Nigel Lawson have been converted to the cause of exchange-rate stability. Japanese officials take seriously he idea of EMS-like schemes for the main industrial economies. Regardless of the Louvre’s embarrassing failure, the conviction remains that something must be done about exchange rates.
Something will be, almost certainly in the course of 1988. And not long after the next currency agreement is signed it will go the same way as the last one. It will collapse. Governments are far from ready to subordinate their domestic objectives to the goal of international stability. Several more big exchange-rate upsets, a few more stock market crashes and probably a slump or two will be needed before politicians are willing to face squarely up to that choice. This points to a muddled sequence of emergency followed by a patch-up followed by emergency, stretching out far beyond 2018 – except for two things. As time passes, the damage caused by currency instability is gradually going to mount; and the very tends that will make it mount are making the utopia of monetary union feasible.
The new world economy
The biggest change in the world economy since the early 1970’s is that flows of money have replaced trade in goods as the force that drives exchange rates. as a result of the relentless integration of the world’s financial markets, differences in national economic policies can disturb interest rates (or expectations of future interest rates) only slightly, yet still call forth huge transfers of financial assets from one country to another. These transfers swamp the flow of trade revenues in their effect on the demand and supply for different currencies, and hence in their effect on exchange rates. As telecommunications technology continues to advance, these transactions will be cheaper and faster still. With un co-ordinated economic policies, currencies can get only more volatile.
Alongside that trend is another – of ever-expanding opportunities for international trade. This too is the gif of advancing technology. Falling transport costs will make it easier for countries thousands of miles apart to compete in each others’ markets. The law of one price (that a good should cost the same everywhere, once prices are converted into a single currency) will increasingly assert itself. Politicians permitting, national economies will follow their financial markets – becoming ever more open to the outside world. This will apply to labour as much as to goods, partly thorough migration but also through technology’s ability to separate the worker form the point at which he delivers his labour. Indian computer operators will be processing New Yorkers’ pay checks.
In all these ways national economic boundaries are slowly dissolving. As the trend continues, the appeal of a currency union across at least the main industrial countries will seem irresistible to everybody except foreign-exchange traders and governments. In the phoenix zone, economic adjustment to shifts in relative prices would happen smoothly and automatically, rather as it does today between different regions within large economies (a brief on pages 74-75 explains how.) The absence of all currency risk would spur trade, investment and employment.
The phoenix zone would impose tight constraints on national governments. There would be no such thing, for instance, as a national monetary policy. The world phoenix supply would be fixed by a new central bank, descended perhaps from the IMF. The world inflation rate – and hence, within narrow margins, each national inflation rate- would be in its charge. Each country could use taxes and public spending to offset temporary falls in demand, but it would have to borrow rather than print money to finance its budget deficit. With no recourse to the inflation tax, governments and their creditors would be forced to judge their borrowing and lending plans more carefully than they do today. This means a big loss of economic sovereignty, but the trends that make the phoenix so appealing are taking that sovereignty away in any case. Even in a world of more-or-less floating exchange rates, individual governments have seen their policy independence checked by an unfriendly outside world.
As the next century approaches, the natural forces that are pushing the world towards economic integration will offer governments a broad choice. They can go with the flow, or they can build barricades. Preparing the way for the phoenix will mean fewer pretended agreements on policy and more real ones. It will mean allowing and then actively promoting the private-sector use of an international money alongside existing national monies. That would let people vote with their wallets for the eventual move to full currency union. The phoenix would probably start as a cocktail of national currencies, just as the Special Drawing Right is today. In time, though, its value against national currencies would cease to mater, because people would choose it for its convenience and the stability of its purchasing power.
The alternative – to preserve policymaking autonomy- would involve a new proliferation of truly draconian controls on trade and capital flows. This course offers governments a splendid time. They could manage exchange-rate movements, deploy monetary and fiscal policy without inhibition, and tackle the resulting bursts of inflation with prices and incomes polices. It is a growth-crippling prospect. Pencil in the phoenix for around 2018, and welcome it when it comes.
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“According to Elena Donets, CEO at StarTau, Tel Aviv University Entrepreneurship Center, what sets Israeli entrepreneurs apart from the rest is this rare quality of audacity or, as it is spelled in Hebrew, ‘ḥutspâ'” (Chutzpa and 6 things you should know about the Israeli startup ecosystem) “Do not be polite and keep quiet. We Israelis are not polite, and entrepreneurs should not be polite,” 😀
“Can Israel succeed where others have failed? Against big energy the lone inventor or small company has no chance. But they too, like Goliath, have their vulnerabilities. There is more than one way to reverse the odds and win. It would be quite something if tiny Israel could neutralize the Arab Oil Weapon and free all humanity from enslavement to big energy. Israel has more than enough technical capability to accomplish this once the leadership can understand the potential.” – Bertram Cohen
“Second, given the current situation with global terror funded by Arab oil money, this book should interest political wonks as well as science geeks. The author never touches this particular implication of long-term defunding of terrorism by abandoning oil, but astute readers will see it immediately.” – Luke Setzer
“And Iran can fuck off an all! In terms of its oil export oil blackmail, threatening the Strait Of Hormuz and it’s ‘peaceful’ nuclear energy programme” – Danny Hurley
“Of fuck off England… until you promise to come out of fantasy La La Land… you’re not even playing!” 😀 (If it was up them we’d all still be burning coal and using steam engines, one hundred years later still with a Monarchy, thinking they have an Empire to rule… cuckoo!)
Israel’s energy future is currently following two paths. One path is to develop the large oil and gas fields located off shore. The second is to develop oil-free energy technologies. But the path with the most potential, by far, is a third path. It is not yet on the Israeli agenda because that path remains overlooked, underestimated and may also appear too futuristic. Trying to alert Israeli energy officials to this message, only with emails from America, has proven too difficult for me. The purpose of this paper is to find an Israeli volunteer(s) willing to be my informed messenger(s) to reach Israeli energy officials, more directly.
After identifying the first two energy paths, this paper will focus on the third path.
1. New oil and gas fields
The recent discovery of huge oil and gas fields off shore enables Israel to become energy independent and earn income from energy exports. Developing these fields is expensive and can also raise political tensions with Turkey and Lebanon which also have made territorial claims. Israel’s adversaries, who profit from their oil and gas, will still be earning huge incomes to continue funding their hostility.
2. Oil-free energy – certainly helpful but still short of the ideal solution.
EV & Energy Storage, Oil-Free Business to Business Initiatives
Conference at Daniel Hotel, Herzelia, Israel – Wednesday, 30/05/2012
The event is also a part of the “2nd Israeli Power Sources Conference” (Batteries, Fuel cells and EV) Solar is another oil-free energy source.
PM Netanyahu’s important energy announcement. Israel to Invest NIS 2B in Alternative Fuels 20 September 2010
At this week’s Cabinet meeting, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced a new NIS 2 Billion initiative to develop alternative fuels, calling it a “national goal of the highest importance.”
3. The third path – Advanced energy technologies for an energy revolution
This category is, by far, the most advanced but it remains largely unknown. This third category represents entire families of advanced energy technologies which: consume no fuel; produce no emissions; are nearly cost free; are totally safe and produce unlimited energy on demand. They are scalable from huge industrial and community size down to a home and car size. This is NOT perpetual motion but free energy similar to wind and solar which also produces free energy. The electric grid would no longer be needed along with its added costs and its vulnerabilities to disruption by nature or by man. This category can totally eliminate oil for energy along with eliminating natural gas, coal and nuclear energy.
An attempted breakthrough – In early 2009 a group of top scientists with the Orion Project sent an urgent memorandum to Obama, and the entire congress, proposing to develop one of these advanced energy technologies in 18 months. There has been no official response to this day.
However, there was an unofficialresponse. The scientists received anonymous phone calls threatening them. Fearing for their safety, they resigned.
We have the prospect of advanced energy technologies that can transform the world but every attempt to do so is blocked by the powerful special interests.
Without the suppression we would have been free of oil, coal, natural gas and nuclear power many years ago. Iran would have no oil income and no pretext claiming to seek nuclear power. The center of energy suppression appears to be the U.S. government which also appears to exercise a global reach. To placate the American public the government spends billions researching conventional energy while allowing only limited progress. This creates the illusion that there is freedom to invent. Meanwhile big energy still dominates 80% of the U.S. energy market with little prospect of significant change in the foreseeable future. Allowing a single breakthrough would bankrupt the entire global energy establishment. This is why no one is allowed to succeed.
The potential of advanced energy is revolutionary. Global energy costs would decline dramatically and free up massive capital for economic improvement. Everyone would have access to cheap energy. Cheap energy would reduce the cost to desalinate the oceans. Cheap water plus cheap energy means growing more local food at lower cost thereby reducing dependence on imports. More national self-sufficiency for energy, water and food reduces three major causes for conflict. Eliminating fossil fuels would dramatically reduce CO2 greenhouse emissions. Everyone wins except the energy barons and the special interests. The internet contains voluminous information about various breakthrough energy technologies, patent numbers, individual inventors, and how governments collude with special interests. The suppression is aided by a media blackout. Successful suppression depends on their never failing. We need to win only once and they are destroyed.
Can Israel succeed where others have failed? Against big energy the lone inventor or small company has no chance. But they too, like Goliath, have their vulnerabilities. There is more than one way to reverse the odds and win. It would be quite something if tiny Israel could neutralize the Arab Oil Weapon and free all humanity from enslavement to big energy. Israel has more than enough technical capability to accomplish this once the leadership can understand the potential.
What is needed now – It is difficult to write directly to Israeli energy officials, offering an unfamiliar, futuristic-sounding story, and be taken seriously. I already tried. What is needed now is an informed messenger in Israel. He or she would be fully briefed by me and then be prepared to approach Israeli energy officials directly. Technical expertise is not required.
It is urgent to move now. Even the announcement of an early breakthrough will start collapsing the oil market, diminishing Iran’s oil revenues and ending the pretext of their needing nuclear power.
The writer is a retired engineer with long term interests in the environment, alternative energy systems, advanced energy technologies and the ever present politics of energy.
Objectivists should read this book for two reasons. First, the author traces the ill effects of Immanuel Kant through the centuries to contemporary science. Second, given the current situation with global terror funded by Arab oil money, this book should interest political wonks as well as science geeks. The author never touches this particular implication of long-term defunding of terrorism by abandoning oil, but astute readers will see it immediately. This book review is also posted on Amazo.
For decades, Dr. Randell Mills has flummoxed both supporters and detractors with his dogged determination not only to prove the existence of a new state of hydrogen, the hydrino, but also to harness its power for the betterment of the human condition. I have followed the hydrino story since initially encountering it in a Mensa Bulletin letter in the late 1990s. Brett Holverstott, whose “scientific realism” philosophy should resonate with Objectivists, first caught word of Mills via a Webzine article entitled “The John Galt of Quantum Mechanics?” that I published about Mills at The Daily Objectivist on December 1, 1999. As a very young man, Holverstott found himself intrigued not only by the new science, but also by the controversy and politics centered on it. The intrigue motivated him to pursue a dual degree in chemistry and physics at Reed College in Oregon while occasionally referring to Mills’s massive tome, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Quantum Mechanics, for contrast and insight against his classroom textbooks.
After three years of undergraduate school, Holverstott had the privilege of working directly for Mills as a laboratory science intern for 18 months in the mid-2000s, and continued to work remotely in subsequent years on the Millsian molecular modeling software. The experience left him firmly convinced of the reality of the hydrino, its motivating theory of classical physics on all scales, its more deeply underlying philosophical view of scientific realism, and the value of entrepreneurship. In fact, these last two discernments so moved Holverstott that he changed majors to philosophy, completed a thesis on scientific realism to graduate, and then completed graduate school in architecture to achieve his current career in that field. This total immersion of the author over his formative adult years into the Mills saga gives the author excellent grounding for a lucid, exhaustively researched, directly experiential story about Mills and his work.
Although Mills has for many years posted his ever-growing tome at no charge on the Web site of his company, Brilliant Light Power, most lay readers will find it far too dense to follow. This book by Holverstott offers a superb overview, in accessible language, of the salient points of the theory and its supporting experiments and empirical data. In addition, the biographical aspects of Mills as shared from the perspectives of the man himself and those who know him illuminate the motives behind his endless drive and boundless energy.
While Holverstott clearly admires Mills, he never makes the mistake of slipping into sycophantic adulation for the man. Mills has gained notoriety over many years for excessively optimistic forecasts of commercial viability of his discoveries, only to have projected milestones come and go with no product in sight. Holverstott justifiably takes Mills to task for this and other marketing blunders that only further provoke critics to blast him with any number of epithets ranging from incompetent to self-deluded to fraud. Holverstott assures the reader that he never saw any direct evidence of any of these, but understands how critics can see Mills posture himself in ways that leave him vulnerable to such attacks.
Between 2000 and 2010, with assistance from other fans of Mills, I formed and ran the Hydrino Study Group discussion list mentioned occasionally in the book. My initial vision in 2000 was for supporters and detractors to reach a civilized exchange and eventual agreement within about six months. Much as with the overly optimistic projections of Mills, my own projections failed to come to fruition even with a greatly extended timeline. As Holverstott notes repeatedly in his book, established scientists are human, and humans resist change. So the arguments generally circled endlessly and went nowhere, though both sides wished to continue debating even after I repeatedly asked if a list split would suit all better. After ten years, the other moderators and I found better things to do and closed the forum. Fortunately for interested parties, Mills participates in his own discussion forum, the Society for Classical Physics, available at no charge on his company Web site. Expect no critics tolerated there, however.
I currently cross my fingers without holding my breath that the SunCell in 2017 will indeed prove itself the “smoking gun” Mills has long sought to demonstrate at last the truth of the hydrino on a wide scale. A clean, cheap, limitless, decentralized power source will solve a myriad of current problems facing the human species. A cogent, reality-oriented physical theory will solve many others.
“Never know… … the first man to step foot on the Moon might just be Jewish!” ;D
“The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing. One cannot help but be in awe, contemplating the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvellous structure of reality. It is enough if one tries merely to understand a little of this mystery every day.” – Albert Einstein
“STEM? What in the UK?… most kindergarten and nursery teachers in the UK are fucking illiterate mate!… … most UK high school teachers are suicidal”
“Some of you can see where I’m going with this can’t you!” 😀
Akunis visits plant building 1st Israeli spacecraft to moon; ‘I’ve no doubt joy of all Israeli citizens will be felt when ship lifts off.’
Science Minister Ophir Akunis, Science Ministry Director-General Ran Bar, and Israel Aerospace Agency Director Avi Blassberger visited the plant where the first Israeli spacecraft to reach the moon is being built.
The project has so far been funded primarily by donations from private individuals, led by philanthropist Maurice Kahn and Dr. Miri and Sheldon Adelson.
Recently, however, the Science Ministry announced government support for the SpaceIL project in the amount of up to NIS 7.5 million.
Science Minister Ophir Akunis, Science Ministry Director-General Ran Bar, and Israel Aerospace Agency Director Avi Blassberger visited the plant where the first Israeli spacecraft to reach the moon is being built.
The project has so far been funded primarily by donations from private individuals, led by philanthropist Maurice Kahn and Dr. Miri and Sheldon Adelson.
Recently, however, the Science Ministry announced government support for the SpaceIL project in the amount of up to NIS 7.5 million.
An Israeli spacecraft is gearing up for a 2019 Moon mission that features unique partnerships, investigation of the Moon’s origin, and closure for an 11-year-old contest designed to spur commercial lunar activities.
SpaceIL, a privately funded Israeli non-profit, designed and built a four-legged lander that will touch down in Mare Serenitatis, one of the dark, lunar basins visible to the naked eye from Earth. The craft, which weighs less than 200 kilograms without fuel, will send home high-definition pictures and video before hopping to a new landing spot half a kilometer away. If successful, the mission will make Israel the fourth country to soft-land on the Moon, following Russia, the United States, and China.
The overall purpose of the mission, SpaceIL says, is to inspire more Israelis to pursue STEM careers. Three engineers formed the non-profit in 2011 to compete for the Google Lunar X-Prize, a $30 million contest encouraging privately funded groups to land on the Moon. The first team to land, travel 500 meters and transmit imagery would have earned $20 million. A second-place team would have earned $5 million, and another $5 million was up for grabs through stretch goals like visiting an old Apollo site and contributing to STEM diversity.
Google withdrew the cash prizes in April 2018 when no group was able to meet the contest deadline, which had already been extended from 2017. A few teams, including SpaceIL, pushed on, and despite a brush with bankruptcy at the end of 2017, SpaceIL announced they would be ready to fly at the end of 2018. The launch has since been delayed until the “beginning of 2019,” SpaceIL representatives said in response to emailed questions.
The lander, which is in the process of being named through an online contest, will leave Earth aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Florida. SpaceIL is one of at least three customers with spacecraft aboard the flight. The primary payload is an Indonesian telecommunications satellite called PSN-6, built by sat-building company SSL. Another undisclosed rider rumored to be a U.S. government satellite.
Rideshare missions are common, but this one is unique because one spacecraft is headed to the Moon while two others will trek to geosynchronous orbit, a region almost 36,000 kilometers above Earth. There, satellites have one-day orbits to match Earth’s rotation, enabling them to linger over the same ground spot.
All three spacecraft will detach from the Falcon 9 into a geosynchronous transfer orbit with a high point, or apogee, of 60,000 kilometers. The SpaceIL lander will orbit Earth three times, raising its orbit until being captured by the Moon’s gravity. The process will take more than two months, and at the Moon, the lander will make two orbits before landing.
In another mission twist, Spaceflight, the company that arranged the rideshare aspect of the Falcon 9 launch, says the undisclosed satellite will remain attached to PSN-6 while both satellites head to geosynchronous orbit. Ryan Olcott, a Spaceflight mission manager, called this arrangement “groundbreaking.”
“We’re really thrilled to develop this relationship with SSL,” Olcott said. “It is a great enabler for a broad category of rideshares that would be much harder or impossible to perform with a single ring below a primary spacecraft.” The company is already offering geosynchronous ridealongs as a dedicated service for future launches.
SpaceIL lander site
SpaceIL’s lander will touch down in Mare Serenitatis, the “Sea of Serenity,” shown as the larger circle. The specific landing site is in the inner circle.
Another big partner joined the mission in October: NASA announced it would provide SpaceIL with observations from a Moon-orbiting spacecraft, a laser retroreflector for the lander, and communications support during the mission. The partnership was made under the agency’s new Lunar Discovery and Exploration Program, or LDEP, which is part of the Trump administration’s plans to return humans to the surface of the Moon.
As the SpaceIL lander descends to Mare Serenitatis, its engine will stir up the lunar soil, and NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, or LRO, will use its science instruments to look for mercury and hydrogen in the dust plume. LRO has been surveying the Moon from lunar orbit since 2009.
But don’t expect any dramatic pictures of the spacecraft landing like the ones NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has captured over the years. Stephen Cole, a NASA official at the agency’s office of communications in Washington, D.C., said it’s “very unlikely” LRO will take visible light images of the landing. LRO will, however, take images afterwards to see how the lander’s descent exhaust altered the landing site.
NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center is giving SpaceIL a laser retroreflector array, or LRA, to install on the spacecraft — essentially an array of mirrors that reflect lasers in order to measure distance (LightSail 2 and other Earth-orbiting spacecraft carry similar arrays). There are no immediate plans to use the retroreflector; LRO has a laser altimeter, but the team actually avoids aiming it at retroreflectors left behind by the Apollo astronauts because the return signal could damage the spacecraft. Earth-bound laser stations use the Apollo retroreflectors to measure the distance to the Moon, but the SpaceIL equivalent will be too small for that.
Instead, NASA is providing the retroreflector with the future in mind. Over time, a network of similar reflectors could be built and used for navigation by spacecraft in orbit.
“Each lander that carries an LRA, we can build up a navigational system on the Moon, providing more information to orbiting satellites and future landers, both robotic and human,” said Cole.
NASA is also giving SpaceIL time on the agency’s Deep Space Network, which communicates with beyond-Earth missions via satellite dishes in California, Spain, and Australia. In return, NASA will get a copy of all the data collected by the mission’s single science instrument: a magnetometer to measure “magnetic anomalies” in Mare Serenitatis. The Soviet Union’s Luna 21 mission, which landed in the same region in 1973 and deployed the Lunakhod 2 rover, detected magnetism there.
The SpaceIL lander in mid-2018.
Understanding the Moon’s magnetism is key to learning about its origin. While Earth has a global magnetic field caused by the continued churning of liquid metal near the core, the Moon does not. But 3.6 billion years ago, the Moon had a magnetic field just as strong as Earth’s. When new-forming rocks solidify from their melted states, they lock in traces of the ambient magnetic field at the time. By looking at the ages of different regions and the strength of the magnetic field embedded in rocks, scientists can piece together the Moon’s history. The magnetometer data will be archived in NASA’s Planetary Data System.
SpaceIL’s mission control will be located at Israel Aerospace Industries, the country’s government-owned aerospace corporation located southeast of Tel Aviv. The mission, which now has a reported price tag of $95 million, is bankrolled by billionaire investors that include Israeli entrepreneur Morris Kahn, and U.S. business magnate Sheldon Adelson.
SpaceIL aspires to advance the discourse on science and engineering in Israel and to acquaint the young generation with the exciting opportunities in their future, which STEM studies make possible. Through the anticipation and preparation for the historic landing on the moon of an Israeli spacecraft, our non-profit organization motivates students of all ages and sectors – both male and female – to broaden their knowledge in science, technology, engineering and mathematics; and fosters entrepreneurship, innovation, excellence and leadership. Contemplating ‘the day after’, SpaceIL strives to enhance the quality of education, to close educational gaps in the Israeli society and to provide the graduates of the educational system with the tools they will need in order to thrive in the 21st century.
The SpaceIL moon landing project serves as a source of inspiration and as fertile ground for a long-term impact on the next generation of scientists and engineers in Israel.
THE EDUCATIONAL RATIONALE:
THE FUTURE IS UNKNOWN; THE REQUIRED SKILLS ARE CLEAR
One cannot know with certainty what future the professions will be, but many believe that 80% of them will require knowledge and skills in mathematics and science. However, at present, we, as a society are not prepared for this increased demand for scientific literacy. Even today, Israel is facing a serious shortage of engineers. The number of scientists and engineers in the Israel Defense Forces, the academia and the private sector fall short of the number required to uphold the State of Israel’s technological advantage and to preserve its status as ‘the startup nation’.
General Overview and Rationale
According to the World Economic Forum, the world is living its Fourth industrial revolution, which is the combination of cyber-physical systems, Big Data, the Internet of Things, and the Internet of Systems. Alongside great benefits, concerns emerge such as the fact that many jobs and disciplines will disappear and automation, computers and machines will replace workers across many industries, and the gaps between the skills learned and the skills needed is growing. Excellence and literacy in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) are considered essential tools for students to measure up to the challenges of the 21st century.
This exponential change will require skills that weren’t given enough weight, if any, in teaching programs at all levels, whether at school, university or work: excellence, innovation, creativity, entrepreneurship, world experience, critical thinking, etc. In recent years key stakeholders and experts in Israel have been warning about growing shortages:
• In skilled students in the education system, as well as in the higher education system that develops STEM tracks;
• In a skilled workforce capable of fulfilling technology-based positions in the military and in industry in the next 10 years; and
• The limited scientific literacy among the general public.
STEM education has thus recently become the focus of an intensive public discussion and debate that can be gauged from increasing government attention and cross-sector initiatives.
An inter-ministerial committee headed by Israel National Economic Council outlined unequivocally the direct link between science and technology literacy at a young age, quality of high school diplomas, the number of students studying relevant fields in higher education, and the flow of a skilled workforce in knowledge-intensive industries, as well as minimizing the socio-economic gaps.
The Odyssey Program was inspired and initiated by the late President of the State of Israel, Mr. Shimon Peres. The program was developed to nurture a unique scientific-technological group – a new generation of inventors and scientists in Israel who possess both the ability to lead and a sense of social responsibility.
The program includes academic studies in the sciences, alongside work in research laboratories. The participants acquire knowledge, skills and experience coping with complex problems, while accumulating academic credits. The program is implemented in parallel with formal studies and during vacation, the students participate in workshops and full-day intensive seminars.
The program operates through the Maimonides Fund’s Future Scientists Center, as a joint initiative with the Ministry of Education’s Department for Gifted and Talented Students and the National Cyber Bureau within the Prime Minister’s Office. Other partners in the program include the Rashi Foundation, the Jerusalem Foundation, Check Point Software Technologies Ltd., SanDisk, Mellanox Technologies, and Keter
About the Course Background
“The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing. One cannot help but be in awe, contemplating the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvelous structure of reality. It is enough if one tries merely to understand a little of this mystery every day.” – Albert Einstein In a world that is becoming increasingly complex, where global problems require multidisciplinary solutions, where citizens and communities need to be creative and analytical in the way they deal with problem solving, our education processes need to be measured not only by what we know, but also by what we can do with that knowledge and even by our ability to develop and combine this knowledge. It is more important than ever for our children and youth to be equipped with the knowledge and skills connected to the 21st century reality, where change is becoming the only constant. In this context, all learners should be prepared to think deeply and critically, to get the knowhow and the skills for creative and analytic thinking so that they have the chance to become the innovators, educators, researchers, and leaders who can solve the most pressing challenges facing our world, both today and tomorrow. These are the types of skills that students learn through Science Education using STEM as a curriculum based on the idea of educating students in four specific disciplines — science, technology, engineering and mathematics — in an interdisciplinary and applied approach. Rather than teach the four disciplines as separate and discrete subjects, STEM integrates them into a cohesive learning paradigm based on real-world applications. While it is almost impossible to list every discipline, some common areas include aerospace, astrophysics, astronomy, biochemistry, biomechanics, chemistry, biomimicry , mathematical biology, nanotechnology, neurobiology, nuclear physics, physics, and robotics, among many, many others. As evidenced by the vast variety of disciplines, it is clear that the Science Education fields affect virtually every component of our everyday lives. This new science education approach is providing the educational system with more tools for quality education, integrating knowledge and methods from different disciplines, using a real synthesis of approaches and principles that should be especially prominent: Interdisciplinary, creativity and Relevance to reality. -The STEAM approach is connecting the dots and providing education with another tool for quality education; integrating knowledge and methods from different disciplines, using a real synthesis of approaches. -In a world where technology has been integrated into our daily lives and in which global problems require multidisciplinary solutions, citizens and communities need to be creative and analytical in the way they deal with problem solving. This educational approach provides the tools for this kind
of approach. We must give creativity the importance it deserves in order to succeed in a world where change is becoming the only constant. -What separates this approach from traditional science and math education is the blended learning environment and the manner of showing students how the scientific method should be applied to everyday life. It teaches students a different way of thinking and focuses on the real world applications of problem solving. Nowadays we add to STEM an A, for arts. The addition of the arts to the original STEM framework is important as it includes practices such as modelling, developing scientific explanations and engaging in critique, which are often underemphasized in the context of math and science education. The course designed by The Aharon Ofri MASHAV International Educational Training Center is aimed at directors of education departments in education Ministries, Principals and supervisors of primary and secondary schools; Educational staff at schools Training institutions, whose responsibilities involve the allocation of resources and development of educational policies. It is based on the vast experience the Israeli education system has acquired over the years in working towards an educational environment contributive to sustainability and globalization.
In this chapter, we review the STEM education system in Israel, including historical overview, current reforms and contemporary trends and emphasis. We also describe the research process of the risk management process presented in this Brief, including the Research Methodology (Sect. 3.2.1), Research Participants (Sect. 3.2.2) and Research Tools (Sect. 3.2.3), and the Research Process (Sect. 3.2.4).
My recent academic – research and practice – work focuses on Policy of STEM Education, including: • Cross-sector collaboration: upscale processes, collective impact, and RPP • Human resources: predictions and professional development • Strategic analysis: SWOT analysis, risk management, and change management
These topics are addressed in my academic work on K-12, academia and industry levels. Within the context of these topics, STEM education processes on the national level (beyond a specific program or initiate) are examined, in order to make a significant change in the Israeli eco-system to sustain Israel’s economic growth and development My work is largely based on my academic background in mathematics, computer science, education, and management and my acquaintance with the Israeli educational system in general and computer science education in particular, with the academia, and with the industry in Israel and its hi-tech sector. In what follows, several examples of my recent research works, projects and activities on these topics are presented.
In recent years we have seen a decrease in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education in Israel. Fewer students are completing 5 units of Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science.
IATI co-leads the project, as our mission is to promote and cultivate the advanced technology industries in Israel and consequently we see great value in promoting STEM education. In order to continue being a Start-Up nation we must strengthen STEM teaching in Israel, and encourage high school students to acquire STEM knowledge.
To bridge this problem IATI is co-leading events to promote STEM Education in Israel, with Government ministries, Educational NGOs and with the High-Tech Companies.,
To find out more about how you can join us for these national efforts, please contact roni@iati,co,il.
Why did global aerospace giant Lockheed Martin send its chief executive to a Beersheva kindergarten?
Because Lockheed Martin is a major partner in Israel’s first science-technology early education program, thus far serving 100 children. The idea is that it’s never too soon to inculcate the basics of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) to better prepare the next generation for the job market.
“The future growth of Israel’s economy will require a constant supply of highly trained, highly capable technical talent, which is why advancing STEM education is a critical focus for Lockheed Martin,” said Marillyn Hewson, Lockheed Martin chairwoman, president and CEO.
Lockheed, a large U.S. defense contractor based in Washington D.C. with a campus in Sunnyvale, is among several major multinationals that have established offices in Beersheva’s new Gav-Yam Negev Advanced Technologies Park (ATP), primarily housing companies involved in developing cyber technologies.
In 2014, Lockheed signed a memorandum of understanding with the Israeli government to help advance cyber-education in the Jewish state. Lockheed has since sponsored programs and conferences aimed at helping educators more effectively teach STEM curriculum.
Last year, Lockheed began collaborating with Israel’s Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and the Rashi Foundation to promote STEM programs for students in kindergarten through high schools.
The new early childhood curriculum was designed to provide 300 hours of science study per year in a stimulating learning environment that allows students to experiment and to experience and develop skills through hands-on creative activities in astronomy, physics, chemistry and robotics.
Over the next three years, classrooms taking part in the project will be equipped with computers, Lego construction kits, robotics experiments and space-related content to encourage a passion for STEM, according to the Rashi Foundation, which leads national projects that bridge educational and social gaps in Israel. The joint initiative is part of the MadaKids program that aims to cultivate future scientists in Israel.
The project is operated by Beit Yatziv, an organization that runs science education programs for some 40,000 elementary school pupils across Israel on behalf of the Rashi Foundation, including a municipal science excellence center in cooperation with the municipality of Beersheva.
“The participating kindergarten teachers received special training at Beit Yatziv that focused on the science behind natural phenomena such as the seasons, astronomy, robotics and more,” said Maya Lugassi Ben-Hemo, head of pedagogy at Beit Yatziv.
In-service training and academic guidance by Kaye College of Education and the pedagogic team of Beit Yatziv will continue through the school year, she added.
Ben-Hemo emphasized that the children won’t lack time to enjoy traditional activities such as coloring and building with blocks. “The science and technology program will be integrated within the regular curriculum of the Ministry of Education for science-oriented kindergartens, which obviously includes play time,” she said.
The goal is for children participating in the program to enter elementary school with a deeper understanding of science, technology, engineering and math, and that this model for technological early childhood education will be duplicated across Israel. The program “is intended to serve as a regional learning center” for teachers, other education professionals and parents, Ben-Hemo said.
Lockheed’s Hewson was not the only big name on hand when the science kindergarten was dedicated this past October. Also in attendance were Minister of Education Naftali Bennett, Beersheva Mayor Rubik Danilovitch, Rashi Foundation chairman (and retired general) Gabi Ashkenazi, and other dignitaries from Israel and abroad.
“The significance of the knowledge the children gain in preschool will be felt in years to come, and it will surely be highly valuable on the personal as well as the national level,” Bennett said at the event. “Opening the first science kindergarten in Beersheva sends a clear message — that everyone, everywhere in Israel, should have equal opportunities.”
Ashkenazi said the Rashi Foundation views the promotion of science and technology education from an early age as a major catalyst for strengthening Israeli society and closing educational gaps between the center and periphery of the country.
“The science kindergarten in Beersheva, the capital of the Negev, is an innovative and unique project that will give children an opportunity to cultivate their independent and inquisitive thinking and make an early start on their science education,” Ashkenazi said. “This is the first step on the path that will lead them, and the country, to new achievements in science and advanced technology.”
Israel signs second agreement with tech firm Lockheed-Martin to encourage more kids to study science and tech
But despite the best efforts of government and industry, statistics show that STEM is still a hard sell. Kids, it appears, are intimidated by math and science, and prefer “easier” subjects. It’s a major problem around the world, including in the US.
“Ninety-seven percent of US high schools do not teach STEM effectively enough to provide students with real-life skills that will enable them to get into advance tech programs in colleges,” and neither kids, parents, nor school boards are demanding those subjects, according to Rick Geritz, one of the world’s foremost experts on cyber-education.
“I use to think ‘ooh be a millionaire’, then I thought ‘be a billionaire’… unless you’re talking in the T’s,, I’m not fucking interested!”
“Energy, water and phosphates… nothing else matters!”
“Energy? This guy, has discovered the energy source of the Universe, the reason the Universe is expanding, the identity of dark matter and dark energy… he’s unlocked the secrets of the atom and Universe… Quantum Physics was ALWAYS bullshit… he’s created a multi-trillion dollar industry (and not just in energy, in EVERYTHING chemical, biological), the biggest paradigm shift in human history… THIS IS THE BIGGEST DISCOVERY SINCE FIRE… for the first time in human history the power of the of the Sun has been brought down to the surface of planet Earth 😉 …
I’ve always had fun with the CIA.
I have lunch with Mossad.
… You need to ask the Russians about our relationship.
MI6 can fuck themselves.
I eat cake with Rothschild.
(best champagne in the world)
“You have to understand something about the United Kingdom at this moment in history… it is not the place for great scientific innovation and big ideas! Long gone are the days of Newton. In fact some of us are comparing it to the beginnings of Nazi Germany (this whole mass surveillance, gang stalking thing is unprecedented in history, and no-ones really saying anything about it)… and with Brexit and the possible effects on the countries scientific activities… most of the UK’s best scientists and theoreticians may be best getting out now.” What would a Brexit mean for the scientific community?
“Anyway… we where talking about California and Silicone Valley! Silicone Valley has for the past thirty years been the centre for this kind of innovative thinking and world changing ideas… Randell Mills is the greatest scientific mind of our age, he has created a future multi-trillion dollar industry, an unlimited number of future industries… it will effect EVERYTHING from energy, to medicine, to computers, to chemical compounds, to transport and aviation… the space industry! WHERE ARE YOU ON THIS ONE CALIFORNIA?
… I’m coming to Silicone Valley in 2019! … and Virginia!” (I may have to speak to some people at the US Embassy, because last time I tried boarding a flight to California… there where some slight problems)
Dr. Mills presentation at Fresno State on February 27, 2017.
Brilliant Light Power presented its Roadshow series event at ABM Industries Irvine, California location on February 28th, 2017. In addition, the Company addressed the updated commercial strategy that was expanded to subsidiaries, the latest timeline, and terms for the availability of access to its latest commercial designs and developments.