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Scientists target international agriculture’s phosphate shortage… Phosphate mining under the microscope

“My doctoral research at the Global Institute for Food Security at the University of Saskatchewan investigates the role of mobile molecules in the integration of root and shoot growth under mineral deficiency conditions.”

Currently, researchers across multiple disciplines are looking for ways to optimize phosphate use in crop plants. Soil scientists seek ways to improve soil phosphate management, while plant biologists have intensified their efforts in understanding how plants can adapt to limited phosphorus.

Scientists target international agriculture’s phosphate shortage

By Toluwase Olukayode Published: August 1, 2019

By 2030, the world’s population is projected to be about 8.5 billion people. Global food security is a major concern for governments — zero hunger is the second most important of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

However, there is a severe conflict between sustainable food production and the use of nonrenewable resources in agricultural systems, particularly phosphate. Phosphorus is a major mineral nutrient required by crop plants for optimal growth and productivity. Phosphate is the only form of phosphorus that plants can absorb — it is often applied to crops as phosphate fertilizer.

Seventy percent of the world’s phosphate reserves are located in North Africa. China, Russia, South Africa and the United States all have limited quantities of the mineral rock.

Scientists have reported that global phosphate production will peak around 2030, at the same time the global population will reach 8.5 billion people. Several reports have also warned that the global reserve would be depleted within the next 50 to 100 years.

A phosphate shortage could threaten global food production.

As well, plants can uptake only small amounts of phosphate, so much of it ends up in unwanted places, like bodies of water, making many agricultural practices ecologically and financially unsustainable.

And as phosphate becomes more expensive and more rare, it poses a food security threat, but could also spark political crises between phosphate-rich countries and importing countries.

My doctoral research at the Global Institute for Food Security at the University of Saskatchewan investigates the role of mobile molecules in the integration of root and shoot growth under mineral deficiency conditions.

Currently, researchers across multiple disciplines are looking for ways to optimize phosphate use in crop plants. Soil scientists seek ways to improve soil phosphate management, while plant biologists have intensified their efforts in understanding how plants can adapt to limited phosphorus.

It is already understood that when plants are starved of phosphate, they stop the growth of their primary root and grow more secondary roots and root hairs to increase their ability to absorb phosphate in soil with lower levels of the mineral. This strategy is referred to as changes in root-system architecture.

Another strategy is that during low-phosphate conditions, plants are able to remobilize stored phosphate to other parts of the plant to maintain growth and development. During this period, plants increase the expression of genes involved in phosphate uptake from the soil. In other words, more effort is committed to looking for and acquiring phosphate.

Advancements in genomics and biochemistry have helped us to uncover some of the genes and proteins that control these processes. However, some regulatory genes that control plant response to low phosphate are still unknown, making it difficult to breed crops that are well adapted to low amounts of phosphate.

This month, as reported in the journal Plant Physiology, an international team of scientists discovered a protein in plants that senses phosphorus levels in the soil and then tells the plant to adjust growth and flowering. The protein, called SPX4, tells the plant when it has acquired enough phosphorus and co-ordinates with the roots to stop uptake.

This discovery will help us to understand how plants can perform well even with limited phosphorus application.

Another research project published in the journal Cell identified a gene that regulates root-system architecture. Researchers showed that this gene modulates a plant hormone, ultimately regulating the depth of the root system.

The study of phosphate signaling in plants will ultimately help us to produce enough food for the growing population without having an adverse effect on the environment.

Government and funding agencies should support more fundamental and applied research that seek to understand how plants behave under low phosphate conditions.

Toluwase Olukayode is a PhD student studying at the Global Institute for Food Security at the University of Saskatchewan. This column first appeared on theconversation.com. It has been edited for length.

Phosphate mining under the microscope

News – International | 2019-08-29

VITAL … Phosphate is vital in chemical fertilisers used to grow food around the world. With a growing demand for food and a diminishing supply from traditional sources, fertiliser producers are looking for new sources. Photo: Scott Audette/Reuters

NINA FELDMAN

THE view from the sleepy town of San Juanico, Mexico, is about what you would see from any village along the Pacific Coast of Baja California — craggy coves, turquoise waves, a couple of surfers and fishing boats. But 40 kilometres offshore, there is something different.

The sediment at the bottom of the sea out there is rich in phosphate, a mineral form of phosphorus that’s vital to the rest of the world.

You cannot grow food without phosphorus, which is why this stretch of sea floor has drawn the attention of a group of Mexican and foreign companies. They want to dredge up the phosphate off of San Juanico and use it to make chemical fertiliser.

Most of the phosphorus used for fertiliser currently comes from phosphate rock on land, but those supplies are dwindling, and most of what’s left can be found in just two countries, Morocco and China. That has got a lot of people worried about a supply crunch and a cascading impact on global food supplies and prices.

“If phosphorus were to become more scarce,” says Dana Cordell of the Global Phosphorus Research Initiative in Australia, “it’s likely that food prices could rise, and there would be more hungry [people].”

Hence the interest in undersea deposits like the one off San Juanico.

The mine would be the world’s first underwater phosphate mine. None of the companies involved would agree to an interview, but the project’s website says it would allow Mexico to cut its dependence on phosphate imports and strengthen the country’s food security.

Tough to argue with, perhaps, except among folks who are worried about this stretch of Mexico’s coast.

“Everything would be finished here,” says fisherman Juan Luis Aguilar. He has worked the waters off San Juanico for more than 30 years and is a member of a fishing cooperative that is trying to stop the mining project.

Aguilar fears that the dredging will harm fish populations and kill lobster eggs. He is afraid no one will want to come to San Juanico to surf or to see the whales that feed here. And, he says, “No one will want to buy our fish.”

Aguilar and his colleagues are not alone in their concerns. Scientists say there is a lot of risks involved in a project like this.

Biologist Jeanneht Armendáriz Villegas of Baja’s Instituto Politécnico Nacional, who studies mines in protected areas, says there are a lot of unknowns about drilling underwater, but some things are understood.

Phosphorous deposits often come with dangerous contaminants like uranium and cadmium, Armendáriz says. Plumes generated from dredging can affect whole aquatic ecosystems. And the ecosystem off San Juanico is especially important because it’s a refuge for a population of endangered loggerhead turtles.

Underwater mining proposals in other countries have been denied previously. In April, Mexico’s environmental agency SEMARNAT turned this one down too, specifically because of the threat to the sea turtles.

Since then, though, the project’s backers have revised their application to include plans to protect the turtles. That has opponents worried that the mine could ultimately be approved because the language establishing the turtle refuge does not explicitly exclude industry.

What it does mention is the possible impact of fishing on the turtles, which complicates things for local residents even more.

On a recent day in San Juanico, Aguilar and other fishermen were hauling in their nets, possibly for the last time. Researchers have found evidence that fishing nets may be responsible for a recent surge in turtle deaths in the area, so the fishermen were told to stay off the water for four months to see how the turtle population would respond.

Now the fishermen worry about an ironic outcome — that they might be pushed out of business, while the underwater mine is allowed to go ahead.

There’s another irony as well. If the Global Phosphorus Research Initiative’s Cordell is right, Mexico and the world may not even need this new source of phosphate.

Instead of digging for more phosphorus in sensitive places, she says we should focus on efficiently using the supply we already have.

“About 80% of the phosphorus we are using is lost or wasted,” Cordell says, but she adds that it does not need to be lost forever. “If we are smart, we can capture and recover that phosphorus for reuse.”

*This story was first published in PRI’s The World, in collaboration with reporter Celia Guerrero and Round Earth Media.

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Israel asks UK to designate Iran’s Revolutionary Guards a terror organization… ‘Time to eliminate Revolutionary Guard leader’

Israel asks UK to designate Iran’s Revolutionary Guards a terror organization

Meeting with top British diplomat after IDF struck in Syria to thwart drone attack allegedly ordered by IRGC head, Foreign Minister Katz cites group’s damaging activities in region

By TOI staff

Iran's Revolutionary Guard members march during an armed forces parade marking the anniversary of the start of the 1980-88 Iraq-Iran war, in front of the shrine of the late revolutionary founder Ayatollah Khomeini, just outside Tehran, Iran, on September 22, 2011. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi, File)

Iran’s Revolutionary Guard members march during an armed forces parade marking the anniversary of the start of the 1980-88 Iraq-Iran war, in front of the shrine of the late revolutionary founder Ayatollah Khomeini, just outside Tehran, Iran, on September 22, 2011. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi, File)

Foreign Minister Israel Katz on Wednesday urged the United Kingdom to follow in the US’s footsteps and designate Iran’s Revolutionary Guards a terrorist organization.

In a meeting with his British counterpart Dominic Raab, Katz thanked the UK government for officially designating the Iran-backed group Hezbollah a terrorist organization earlier this year, but pressed for the IRGC to also be included on the government’s terror blacklist, the Walla news site reported.

Citing Iran’s malign activities throughout the region, Katz said the terror designation would be the “appropriate and just response” to the attacks masterminded by IRGC commander Qassem Soleimani.

Raab made no formal comment on the matter. Following the meeting, he tweeted a photo of himself and Katz and said Israel “remains a close partner and friend.”

In April Washington blacklisted the IRGC as a terrorist group, the first time that an extension of a foreign government has been designated a terrorist entity by the US.

US President Donald Trump said at the time that “the IRGC actively participates in, finances, and promotes terrorism as a tool of statecraft.”

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the move had come at his request.

The Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps was formed after the 1979 Islamic Revolution with a mission to defend the clerical regime, in contrast to the more traditional military units that protected Iranian borders. It exists in parallel to Iran’s regular military. The Revolutionary Guards have amassed enormous power within Iran, becoming owners of significant industries and other economic interests on behalf of the regime.

Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps’ Quds force commander Gen. Qassem Soleimani, center, attends a meeting with Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Revolutionary Guard commanders in Tehran, Iran, September 18, 2016. (Office of the Iranian Supreme Leader via AP)

The Guards’ prized foreign operations unit is the Quds Force, named for the Arabic word for Jerusalem, which supports forces allied with Iran around the region, such as Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime and Lebanon’s Hezbollah terror group. It has also been linked to various terror attacks around the world, including a deadly bombing against Argentina’s Jewish community in 1994.

On Saturday night the Israel Defense Forces carried out airstrikes on military targets in southern Syria, saying it thwarted a plan by the Quds Force and Shiite militias to send “kamikaze” attack drones into Israel armed with explosives.

Israel said the planned attack was personally overseen by Soleimani.

‘Time to eliminate Revolutionary Guard leader’

Analyst of Arab issues says Iran knows they have no business in Syria, Iraq, suggests eliminating Revolutionary Guard’s terror leader. 02/08/19

Members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard

Members of the Iranian Revolutionary GuardReuters

Zvi Yehezkeli, News 13‘s analyst for Arab issues, spoke to 103 FM Radio about the mysterious attacks in Iraq and Syria, which he believes will continue.

Last week, you said Israel should continue attacking Iranian bases in Iraq and Syria, and that’s what happened. What’s next? What will the next developments in the conflict with Iran be?

“It will continue, because we’re not talking about specific attacks. We’re talking about a country inching towards Israel’s border, a country backed by a country with reserves – Syria and Iraq, which is behind Syria. It’s a country with a Shiite messianic vision to come and defeat all Sunnis in the area, and they won’t stop, so the attacks in Iraq are attacks at the eleventh hour. Israel saw the entrenchment and did it the moment they moved missiles which can attack Israel into Iran. The moment Iran has weapons which shift the balance, Israel attacks.”

Will the Israeli attacks continue?

“As long as the Iranians are trying to move weapons to these areas. And because and in accordance with that, it can happen in Iraq also. And I wouldn’t be surprised if it happens in other places where the Iranians are. It could also happen in Yemen. I’m looking at how the Iranians are preparing, at Qasem Soleimani, who heads the terror arm of the Revolutionary Guards and who is in Iraq, and at how he prepared for Israel to continue attacking – he evacuated bases, he hid weapons. The Iranians believe that Israel will continue attacking them.”

Meaning that the Iranians are preparing for Israel’s next attacks.

“Certainly. They feel frustrated and helpless, because they can’t reach us, it’s kind of an embarrassment. They aren’t supposed to be in Iraq and Syria. That’s why they’re not avenging these attacks.”

The Iranians are helpless because they don’t know how to respond.

“Correct, on the one hand they are working to reduce damage, because they know that the attacks will continue, and on the other hand, when they continue moving missiles – every time they send a shipment to Syria, after a few hours they put their heads down and there was an attack.”

You mentioned Qasem Soleimani. Isn’t it time Israel or an emissary eliminated him? He’s the snake pulling all the strings.

“It’s time. Soleimani is a person with charisma who has made the Revolutionary Guards our neighbors in Iraq, Syria, and Yemen and who has conquered Lebanon. If he’s not around, Israel will have it much easier. The question of his elimination has been raised a few times, by the Americans and by Israel – I don’t know why a decision hasn’t been made. If you ask me, quality eliminations could be carried out on only two people – Hassan Nasrallah and Qasem Soleimani. Nasrallah is hiding, Soleimani is still out there.”

So you would suggest eliminating Qasem Soleimani.

“If they would ask me, I would say yes. Because part of the war is to get rid of missiles and harm the Revolutionary Guard’s bases, I would hit the head of that arm of terror. I would do it.”

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Can psychedelics heal the Jewish people? This rabbi is exploring that question. :D

“I took a fuck off massive dose of psilocybe cubensis mushrooms (300 grams?) and ended up in hospital… not just any hospital, but an extra-terrestrial UFO hospital. Two giant insectoid extra-terrestrial doctors monitoring me, other aliens where coming in and out of the ‘UFO’ to visit and have a laugh… I was in hysterics!… “Are you Jewish insectoid extra-terrestrial doctors?”… “Could you recommend any good Jewish insectoid extra-terrestrial dentists whilst I’m here, can you?”

“It seems that a large percentage of clergy who applied to participate were rabbis — but a large percentage of the clergy rejected from the study were also rabbis. One of the requirements was that subjects not have previous experiences with these substances. And, as it turns out, a large percentage of the rabbis who applied did not meet that criterion.” :’D

That so many rabbis were rejected from the study because they had already tried psychedelics tells Kamenetz that, “something is going on here, something indicative of a larger trend, and a longing among Jews for these experiences.”

Rabbi Zac Kamenetz during his first psilocybin experience at Johns Hopkins University (Photo/Courtesy Kamenetz)
Rabbi Zac Kamenetz during his first psilocybin experience at Johns Hopkins University (Photo/Courtesy Kamenetz)

Can psychedelics heal the Jewish people? This rabbi is exploring that question.

By David A.M. Wilensky | August 20, 2019

When the rabbi begins with “I do not condone the use of psychoactive substances regulated by the FDA,” you know you’re in for something special.

Thus began Rabbi Zac Kamenetz’s Aug. 14 talk at Afikomen Judaica in Berkeley, titled “Psychedelic Research and the Future of Judaism.” Yes, please. Thank God for Berkeley.

Despite the far-out subject matter, Kamenetz, 37, has a rather establishment-y rabbinic job: Director of Jewish Living and Learning at the Jewish Community Center of San Francisco. He is disarming, warm and ready to answer any question about himself: about his spiritual path, his family — and, oh yeah, that time he was one of the subjects in a Johns Hopkins University study that dosed clergy of various traditions with psilocybin, the psychoactive compound found in Psilocybe mushrooms (aka magic mushrooms, shrooms, etc.).

The study, which is still ongoing with the results yet unpublished, recruited clergy to undergo psychedelic trips in controlled environments in the hopes that people with pre-existing spiritual conceptual frameworks would have new ways of talking about psychedelic experiences.

One challenge facing people who do research on these substances — which have a variety of legitimate medical uses, mainly around mental health, such as healing from traumas, serious anxiety and clinical depression — is that our culture and our language lack adequate ways of describing the feelings and experiences that ensue.

Kamenetz first heard about the study from another rabbi who had been rejected from it. It seems that a large percentage of clergy who applied to participate were rabbis — but a large percentage of the clergy rejected from the study were also rabbis. One of the requirements was that subjects not have previous experiences with these substances. And, as it turns out, a large percentage of the rabbis who applied did not meet that criterion.

Kamenetz’s first trip took place in a comfortable room at Johns Hopkins in Baltimore with a couch and various religious symbols — a cross, a small statue of Buddha, etc. — and he was accompanied by a guide, one of the researchers. He put on a sleep mask and headphones outfitted with a playlist of classical music, was given a dose of psilocybin, and off he went.

Though it was his first psychedelic-assisted mystical experience, it was not Kamenetz’s first mystical experience.

That occurred in Israel, at Tel Gezer, during Kamenetz’s junior year of high school.

A tel is a mound that contains centuries of off-and-on human habitation. Tel Gezer is a breathtaking archaeological site about halfway between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv (which, despite its name, is not a tel at all). There, you can stand in one spot and see thousands of years of human history all at once — dating back from the 4th century BCE all the way to the Arab village Abu Shusha, which was destroyed by Israeli forces in 1948.

Archaeologists excavating the Bronze Age water system at Tel Gezer, June 3, 2011 (Photo/Wikimedia-Oren Rozen CC BY-SA 3.0)
Archaeologists excavating the Bronze Age water system at Tel Gezer, June 3, 2011 (Photo/Wikimedia-Oren Rozen CC BY-SA 3.0)

“I had never experienced time that way before,” Kamenetz told me. “I felt a bolt of lighting. I felt like I had an encounter with the Divine that was unrehearsed and unmediated.”

At this point, I had to stop him to say that I, too, had an unexplainable experience at Tel Gezer during a high school semester in Israel.

In my experience, I told him, I felt time dilate as if thousands of years of human history were within reach all at once. It wasn’t a divine encounter (I think?), but it was certainly mystical, though I would’ve bristled at that word at the time.

“I became religious on the spot,” Kamenetz said. “I bought a kippah, I started reading ‘The Jewish Catalog,’ someone gave me a pair of tefillin — and I stole an ArtScroll siddur from the Kotel.” When he returned home to Southern California, he started walking every Shabbat to a Conservative synagogue and observing Shabbat and kashrut in his otherwise nonobservant household.

Years later, he had another mystical experience, this time on the Johns Hopkins couch.

The playlist blew his mind, as he considered the limitless genius of the composers. He saw the lights and swirling visions we often picture when we think of psychedelics. He gave birth to his daughter.

“I saw images of my wife and daughter, and I felt the release of oxytocin from my brain in incredible detail and how it went through my entire body, tears welling up, joy and gratitude,” he told me. “We had gone through two years of infertility. My daughter was only just born at the time. The intensity of love and gratitude that I felt for my wife and daughter was overwhelming.”

And there was one explicitly Jewish moment: “I had the image of a very large tree, where I saw these two branches of red and blue coming out from the trunk, the energy moving back and forth, from side to side, and I was able to immediately understand that this was about the integration between chesed and din — generosity/compassion and boundaries/power.”

It was as prototypical a Jewish mystical vision as possible, drawing on the kabbalistic Tree of Life, a diagram of God’s various attributes and qualities (called sefirot), including chesed and din, arranged loosely in the shape of a tree.

Six months later, the study required him to return for a second trip, this time with a higher dose of psilocybin.

“I expected more of the same, but bigger — bigger lights, bigger insights. Will I make contact with God?” Instead, it turned out to be an experience of nothingness.

“It was dark, there was no frame of reference inside, I felt like I was stuck in a hole with no light, I was incredibly bored and disappointed.”

When the experience was over, he was sad and upset. “I felt like I had failed.” But the researchers told him that the immediate experience of a trip isn’t necessarily the point. “It is also about the ongoing integration of the experiences, processing and reflecting over time,” Kamenetz said.

Now that he has read more about psychedelic experiences, “I’ve come to learn that this nothingness is a totally normal experience,” he told the Afikomen crowd of about 30 people.

“Yes, there is the bliss and color and light, but then there’s a higher reality that falls away to experiencing the void. In kabalistic language, there is a point at which there is no imagery, no words, nothing that can be experienced,” he said. “We call that the Ein Sof, that which is without end.”

I asked him: Should more Jews try psychedelic substances? He hesitated, then said, “Should? I wouldn’t put it like that.”

His opening disclaimer about psychoactive substances aside, Kamenetz does have a nascent plan to bring the joy and healing of psychedelics to the Jewish people.

Rabbi Zac Kamenetz speaking about "Psychedelic Research and the Future of Judaism" at Afikomen Judaica, Aug. 14, 2019 (Photo/David A.M. Wilensky)
Rabbi Zac Kamenetz speaking about “Psychedelic Research and the Future of Judaism” at Afikomen Judaica, Aug. 14, 2019 (Photo/David A.M. Wilensky)

“The rational tradition has won out in American Jewish circles,” he said, visibly saddened by that fact. “Judaism as a vehicle for occasioning mystical experience seems to be a reality for very few American Jews.”

Kamenetz sees this as a big problem. So here’s his plan: “I would like to be the first rabbi to become certified as a psychedelic-assisted therapist.” Which, as it turns out, is a real thing. And, naturally, one can earn such a certification right here in the Bay Area, at the California Institute of Integrative Studies in San Francisco. Kamenetz is applying to be in the next cohort of students.

Beyond that, he has some big, if so far only half-formed ideas. He sees an entire new field of Jewish psychedelic research and experience.

“The idea that there is a non-ordinary state that you can learn from, heal from, experience the unity of all creation and maybe the divine — doesn’t seem to be on the forefront of current Jewish imagination,” he said.

But that doesn’t have to be true. Our tradition is not bereft of mysticism and esotericism. And Kamenetz wants to bring that to American Jews by establishing a place where they can try psychedelics in a Jewish context.

“Someday, I see a space, maybe in the East Bay, where people can have safe and supported psychedelic experiences individually, and then integrate those experiences in a community that is invested in the application of mystical experiences with other people. This is total science fiction because it doesn’t exist. Or it exists underground,” Kamenetz said.

“The last person to talk extensively about this in American Judaism was Reb Zalman” — Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi, who founded the Jewish Renewal movement right here in the Bay Area at the height of the counterculture movement — “and that was a long time ago. He called MDMA [now known as the club drug ecstasy] just as sweet as Shabbos.”

I’ve long been psychedelic-curious, but also psychedelic-terrified. Temporary death of the ego? Sounds awful. Nevertheless, I’m sure my curiosity will someday get the better of me.

I hope by then Kamenetz and his someday-maybe-psychedelic-shul-ish-thing will be ready.

That so many rabbis were rejected from the study because they had already tried psychedelics tells Kamenetz that, “something is going on here, something indicative of a larger trend, and a longing among Jews for these experiences.”

Psychedelics increasingly are being used in clinical settings to heal intense psychological trauma. And the Jews, Kamenetz believes, could use some of that: “How can we understand years of exile, diaspora, anti-Semitism? How can we heal multi-generational traumas? Maybe through these substances, we can heal our people.”

In any case, Kamenetz admits that he’s still in the early stages of understanding his own trip experiences and the potential of psychedelics in the Jewish community.

As he learned from the study, “integration,” the process of making sense of psychedelic experiences and making them a part of one’s life in an ongoing way, is a lifelong process.

“You are part of my integration just by being here tonight,” he told the crowd at Afikomen.

By reading this column, I suspect you’re a part of it now, too.

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Nordic Alien Facts That Will Certainly Make You Wonder What They Are!… Military Insiders Confirm Thousands of Extraterrestrials Live Among Us

“What I had to do a few weeks ago… I had to go and climb a mountain in the night… in the pitch black… in the pissing rain… … and just scream! Screamed as loud as I fucking could.
I have no idea where to go, whom to speak with, or even what to think about this one.
I was told right at the beginning, “Danny, they walk amongst us. You could walk past one in the street and not even know it.”… and I’ve been saying for past ten years “If that’s the case, sit one down at a table in front of me”.
Son of a fucking bitch! Right in front of the CIA, in front FSB, Mossad, whatever the fuck the Chinese call themselves… … in a hotel restaurant in Kazakhstan! WHILST DISCUSSING THE MOST IMPORTANT SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY IN HUMAN HISTORY!

Where do you go, what do you do and what do you say after that kind of experience?
The weirdest thing about it was the fact he had a human female companion… and the fact someone sprayed me with some kind of self replicating bio-nano technology a few days later… and the fact someone then planted a ‘mother of Satan’ bomb in my laptop and expected me to blow up a commercial flight (which may be unrelated! :D)

  • Military Insiders Confirm Thousands of Extraterrestrials Live Among Us

Military Insiders Confirm Thousands of Extraterrestrials Live Among Us

As the scientific community continues to speculate about whether intelligent extraterrestrial life exists on exoplanets being discovered throughout our vast galaxy, military insiders have come forward to reveal that national governments are hiding a stunning truth. Extraterrestrials who look just like us not only exist throughout the galaxy, but tens of thousands of them have infiltrated communities all over the planet as neighbors, co-workers, teachers, doctors, humanitarians, etc.

Emery Smith and Corey Goode claim to have worked on highly classified extraterrestrial related programs that are run by the U.S. and other military forces, which are under the authority of transnational corporations.

Smith says that he encountered human looking extraterrestrials living among humanity while working at highly classified facilities such as Kirtland Air Force Base, Sandia National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and other military facilities.

In a series of interviews completed on the popular online streaming show “Cosmic Disclosure,” Smith says that while working at these facilities he encountered human looking extraterrestrials who are indistinguishable from modern humans. In the August 7 episode, he responded as follows to a question about whether extraterrestrials live among us:

Well, extraterrestrials also come to watch over us and look at things on the Earth. And they’re here to gather information to make sure we don’t blow up the Earth or kill each other.

So they’re here just to get information and have it and to also experience the life of a human, which is quite preferably like a vacation for them.

So it’s a very interesting scientific job for an extraterrestrial to have. It’s kind of an honor to come here, live amongst us, and do things, just living like a normal human being, actually, and interacting with human beings. . . It’s like a universal Peace Corps.

He says that in addition to encountering such extraterrestrials in classified projects run by corporations on U.S. military facilities, he was also recently briefed that up to 100,000 of them are presently living all over the planet.

In past interviews, Smith has discussed completing tissue extractions from the bodies of deceased human looking extraterrestrials, and also working alongside some live ones who participated in autopsies of their deceased compatriots. In his August 7 interview, Smith furthermore described what he knew from briefings about extraterrestrials who had infiltrated human civilization.

Smith said that around 1997, he left the classified program when he realized that the bodies of the extraterrestrials that were being autopsied were still warm. He became suspicious that some of them had only recently died, presumably tortured and killed by the corporations that were running the programs.

Goode’s experiences were different, but very consistent with what Smith described. Goode said that he served in an “Intruder, Intercept, and Interrogate program” where he was part of a covert team whose job it was to capture and interrogate extraterrestrials that had infiltrated human society.

In the August 7 interview, he responded to a question by David Wilcock about whether the extraterrestrials had come to Earth with permission or not:

[Corey] It’s both. Some of them are from other star systems far away that are paying very close attention to what’s going on here, including the Draco conquest of star systems. So they’ll send people in to do a little reconnaissance.

Emery: Sure.

Corey: And when they come in, and they come in without permission, if they get caught, it’s not a good thing for them at all.

Emery: No, right.

Corey: There’s actually a program that I was a part of called the Intruder, Intercept and Interrogation Program. And we ran into quite a few different species that were here without permission.

Goode and Smith then went on to describe how the human looking extraterrestrials were able to blend into societies all over the planet:

Corey: What was interesting is: in the Intruder, Intercept and Interrogation program, only about 10% to 15% of the beings that we processed were what we would call “alien-looking”.

Emery: Right.

Corey: Most of them were very human-looking. And they weren’t augmented to look human. They were humans –

Emery: Right.

Corey: . . . just from a different planet. And they would normally be picked up in countries where they would most likely blend in.

Emery: Sure.

Corey: Like there were some Polynesian-looking ones.

Emery: Right. The Nordics and all this. Right.

Photo taken by August C. Roberts at the New Jersey home of Howard Menger in 1959 allegedly showing three human looking extraterrestrials – Valiant Thor and his companions Dunn and Jill.

Goode described one example of an extraterrestrial who had infiltrated a company and over the course of a decade had risen to a senior executive position:

Corey: And I was there when some – it was a high-level executive – was pulled out of a high-rise building in the middle of the day.

They delta-waved everyone there, went in, and ingressed-egressed from the roof, took him out, and brought him up for interrogation. And he had been on the Earth for well over a decade and had blended in, had created an identity, and was now at a high position in a corporation.

David: Wow!

Emery: Yeah, they prepare these extraterrestrials to come to this planet, so there is some genetic, you know, inoculations going on like what we do here as far as frequency goes, how they survive here – and even as far as getting certain procedures done on their body so they can digest our food and things like this.

It’s worth pointing out that the recently deceased aerospace engineer, William Tompkins, says that he worked with “Nordic” extraterrestrials that had infiltrated companies such as Douglas Aircraft Company, North American Aviation, etc., in the 1950’s and 1960’s, who had helped the U.S. Navy develop its secret space program.

Goode says that the “Intruder Intercept and Interrogate” program could be brutal in how captured extraterrestrials were treated.

He says that those who were captured but belonged to human looking groups that had permission to be on Earth, were released as stipulated in agreements. Those that were here without permission, were harshly interrogated, and turned over to a transnational corporate entity called the Interplanetary Corporate Conglomerate (ICC).

Some of those that were turned over to the ICC, ended up dead and were examined in classified facilities similar to where Smith had worked.

Smith and Goode’s accounts were very consistent with one another, and gave different perspectives on a similar covert process set up to deal with off-world visitors. The key question that arises is whether their information is true or not?

Aside from documents corroborating their respective military and employment histories, there is no hard evidence provided either by Smith and Goode to directly substantiate their claims. However, others have interacted with human looking extraterrestrials that have infiltrated human society, and have been allowed, even encouraged, to take photos of their spacecraft.

One example is my anonymous source JP who has met with human looking extraterrestrials that are part of secret agreements reached with the U.S. Air Force (USAF). He says that he has met with them in remote areas of Tampa and Orlando, Florida, where they have worn USAF uniforms, and communicated with him. He has taken photos of their craft which have been published on my website.

JP is a civilian and has never served with the U.S. military or been a worker in any classified government/corporate facility. He has no professional background that supports his claims, which is perhaps why he is being allowed to take photos of these craft and disseminate them.

I will be discussing JP’s photos and his experiences at my upcoming lecture on the “US Air Force Secret Space Program and Shifting Extraterrestrial Alliances” at the Dimensions of Disclosure Conference from August 17-19.  JP plans to be in the audience as an anonymous guest of the Conference Organizers.

If you would like to contribute to a GoFundMe campaign to fund JP’s travel and other expenses for attending the conference, you can do so here.

In addition to the photographic evidence provided by JP that human looking extraterrestrials are on Earth as part of secret agreements with the U.S. military, there is also testimonial evidence from highly credible sources that are available.

Undoubtedly, the most significant comes from the former President of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, who says that he was given a top secret file about human extraterrestrials that live among us, and an international organization that monitors the off world visitors:

Along with the briefcase with nuclear codes, the president of the country is given a special ‘top secret’ folder. This folder in its entirety contains information about aliens who visited our planet… Along with this, you are given a report of the absolutely secret special service that exercises control over aliens on the territory of our country… I will not tell you how many of them are among us because it may cause panic.

The “absolutely secret special service” described by Medvedev, appears very similar to Goode’s “Intruder Intercept and Interrogate” program, which was fictionalized in the Men In Black movies.

Robert Dean, who reached the rank of Command Sergeant Major with the U.S. Army, says that in 1964, while stationed at the Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Powers in Europe (SHAPE), he read a Cosmic Top Secret Assessment that described human looking extraterrestrials living among us.

There was a human group that looked so much like us that that really drove the admirals and the generals crazy because they determined that these people, and they had seen them repeatedly, they had had contact with them…. These people looked so much like us they could sit next to you on a plane or in a restaurant and you’d never know the difference. And being military and being primarily paranoid, that bothered the generals and the admirals a little bit. That the fact that these intelligent entities could be involved with us, walking up and down the corridors of SHAPE, walking down the corridors of the Pentagon. My God, it even dawned on a couple of them that these guys could even be in the White House! Of course, as I said, being paranoid in those years it really shook things up a little bit.

Earlier, in the 1950’s, famed contactees such as George Adamksi, Howard Menger, and Daniel Fry say that they encountered human looking extraterrestrials who sought their assistance in infiltrating human society. While the general public and UFO researchers widely ridiculed such claims at the time, Smith and Goode said that such a process has indeed been underway for decades involving tens of thousands off world visitors.

David: Well, we’ve talked about this before, Corey, but I also think it’s important to reiterate. And I know you don’t have really specific data, but do we have any sense as to how many approved immigrants there are on this planet that are not from here that are blending in our society?

Corey: It was . . . Back in the ’90s, it was many, many tens of . . . I mean, many thousands.

Emery: 100,000 was the numbers I’m recently getting in the past six months.

Corey: Yeah. And it was probably a smaller number when I was in, but it was a . . . And it was in just about every country. It’s well known that they were integrated.

Smith and Goode’s testimonies provide a stunning perspective on what is really happening on Earth when it comes to the existence of extraterrestrials who appear indistinguishable from modern humans. They also discuss how other non-human looking extraterrestrials can blend in using advanced technologies, and what happens to them if discovered by programs such as Goode’s “Intruder Intercept and Interrogate”.

While scientists speculate and argue over the possibility of extraterrestrial life existing on exoplanets discovered in distant regions of the galaxy, it is stunning to think that all this time many thousands of human looking extraterrestrials have been interacting with us on Earth for decades, and infiltrated societies all over our planet.  

[Note: Emery Smith’s interviews on Cosmic Disclosure can be found here.]

Michael Salla, Ph.D. Copyright Notice


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Neil Woodford’s bizarre bet on cold fusion hit by writedown… Woodford listed fund hits record low on valuation cut (Andrea Rossi, E-Cat and Industrial Heat)

Yeah I looked into Andrea Rossi and the E-Cat. I thought…
“Wow! Hell fire! Amazing! Out of this world! I’d love a piece of thatbut regarding his work on ‘Cold Fusion’… an absolute crock of shit.” ;D

http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/support-vessys-blog/

Mills is the genius regarding this energy source. His education, his career. He has the theory (GUTCP), a monumental contribution to every field of science from physics, to mathematics, to cosmology, to biology… he has the company (Brilliant Light Power), the employees, the product (SunCell), he has NEVER remained secret, all his information is open to the public… HE HAS THE ‘NEW FIRE’… i.e. hydrino energy.
… … and he has half the goons from Langley, including the former head of CIA himself, Amb. James Woolsey, backing him. (Usually helps)

Neil Woodford’s bizarre bet on cold fusion hit by writedown

Controversial: Cold fusion is a branch of nuclear technology
Controversial: Cold fusion is a branch of nuclear technology ( )

One of Neil Woodford’s most controversial investments, cold fusion company Industrial Heat, had its valuation slashed by 35% on Friday in an embarrassing U-turn on the firm’s prospects.

Woodford’s investment in the nuclear energy tech start-up, founded by eccentric Italian inventor Andrea Rossi, raised eyebrows as many scientists poured scorn on cold fusion technology.

It prompted further confusion when it was written up by 357% on Woodford’s books last September by valuation firm Link despite not making any money. 

On Friday Woodford Patient Capital Trust, the listed vehicle run by Woodford, indicated that the Industrial Heat stake of £88 million had been written down by £30 million, or 35%, analysts estimate. 

Link said this was because the firm’s development “had not progressed at the rate upon which previous reviews were based”. 

Shares in the £715 million Patient Capital Trust, which has Industrial Heat as its top holding, fell 6% to a record low of 40p.

That means a client who put £10,000 into the trust when it launched in 2015 have lost £6,000.

Woodford Equity Income Fund, the shuttered £3.5 billion fund, also owns a £115 million stake according to December 2018 data.

That would have fallen to £75 million today. A Woodford spokesman said: “Woodford is not responsible for unquoted valuations across any of its funds.”

Woodford listed fund hits record low on valuation cut

Carolyn Cohn, Muvija M

LONDON (Reuters) – Shares in Woodford Capital Patient Trust (WPCT.L), the listed fund run by money manager Neil Woodford, hit a record low on Friday after the trust’s administrator said it would cut the valuation of one of its biggest holdings. FILE PHOTO: British fund manager Neil Woodford is seen in this undated handout image released July 18, 2019. Jonathan Atkins/Handout via REUTERS/File Photo

Veteran money manager Woodford froze his flagship equity income fund on June 3 because it could not meet redemption requests, a move which has prompted outcry from lawmakers and investors, a probe by regulators and share price losses or outflows from his other two funds.

Link Fund Solutions said on Friday it would cut the valuation of WPCT’s stake in IH Holdings, a unit of cold fusion technology firm Industrial Heat.

In a separate statement, Link reiterated that the Equity Income Fund is likely to remain suspended until early December, saying it “remains in the interests of all investors” for the suspension to continue.

It said the Equity Income Fund had fallen 11.15% between the time it was suspended and Aug. 21, underperforming a 1.52% gain in the FTSE All Share Total Return benchmark.

In a blog published on its website, Woodford blamed the losses partly on steep falls in the share prices of litigation funder Burford Capital (BURF.L) and Industrial Heat, two of the fund’s larger holdings.

Burford Capital has lost roughly one-third of its market value since short-seller Muddy Waters criticized its accounts and said it had bet on its shares falling.

Woodford said Link had looked into the fund’s unquoted stake in Industrial Heat as part of a six-monthly review process and decided that progress had not been at the pace anticipated at the time of previous reviews.

“We have decided to withhold disclosing the top 10 holdings while the fund is suspended,” Woodford said.

Woodford, among UK’s best-known fund managers, has been traveling around Britain trying to convince independent financial advisers (IFAs) his firm remains a good long-term bet.

A Reuters survey of IFAs showed that many of them remained skeptical about investing with Woodford once the suspension is lifted.

INDUSTRIAL HEAT LOSES STEAM

IH Holdings was one of WPCT’s biggest holdings at end-April, the last month for which data is available, making up more than 10% of the portfolio. It delisted from the Guernsey stock exchange last month.

WPCT said the adjustment, which reflected a reassessment of IH Holdings’ progress, would reduce the trust’s net asset value by about 3.4 pence per share. As of Aug. 21, WPCT’s net asset value excluding income stood at 78.96 pence a share.

Its shares hit a record low of 38.10 pence per share before recovering to 42.1 pence by 1250 GMT, down 4.1% and among biggest losers on the FTSE 250 midcap index FTMC.

WPCT said last month it may replace Woodford as its investment manager.

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Woodford’s suspended fund also holds a stake in IH Holdings. Analysts and investors have questioned the valuation of the energy technology firm, along with several of Woodford’s other unlisted or rarely traded bets.

Woodford Investment Management suffered a further blow on Friday after Eddie Stobart Logistics Plc (ESLE.L), in which it has a 23% stake, announced the departure of Chief Executive Alex Laffey and suspended shares from trading after it failed to publish its half-year results in time.