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Notre Dame Cathedral – Icon of Art or Anti-Semitism?… The Hidden Challenge of the Restoration of Notre-Dame… A FUCKING BUTTERFLY HOUSE! (Like Imperial Butterfly House Vienna)

“Who is my personal favourite Pope of all time? Who was the one who use to fuck animals?… him”

Pope Benedict IX
Saint Peter Damian had similar things to say of Benedict IX, describing him as “feasting on immorality” and “a demon from hell in the disguise of a priest,” who sponsored orgies and routinely partook in bestiality,

(and no-one thought to commission a painting of that? :/)
7 Quite Unholy Pope Scandals – LiveScience

Anyway, Notre Dame Cathedral… the symbolism… we want it as obvious, blatant and in your face as possible! 🙂

AND A TROPICAL BUTTEFLY HOUSE! 😀 BOOOOOOM! Like Vienna Imperial Butterfly House… but on the roof of Notre Dame Cathedral!
Come on France… YOU KNOW IT MAKES SENSE!

Notre Dame Cathedral – Icon of Art or Anti-Semitism?

By Rev. Anthony AbmaApril 28, 2019 , 7:00 am

On Monday, April 15, flames engulfed and extensively damaged one of the worlds – and certainly Paris’s most prestigious landmarks, the Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. This medieval Cathedral, built and consecrated to the virgin Mary in the 12th Century was described by various news sources as;

Notre Dame was more than simply an iconic cathedral and jewel of Gothic architecture; it was a treasure trove housing priceless and irreplaceable marvels of immense religious, artistic, musical, historical and architectural value.”

Much has changed in the 800+ years since it was constructed. Is it an icon of art and some religious depictions – or a hangover from an age that was virulently anti-Semitic, that needs not only a new roof but some serious reevaluation in its renovations?

Society and governments of 12th and 13th Century Europe were heavily influenced by the Catholic Church and Popes. The Lateran Council of 1215 convened by Pope Innocent III, decreed that Jews were banned from all professions in Europe – except for being pawn brokers or selling old, used clothes. As an ominous precursor to the yellow stars of the Third Reich of 1940’s Germany, Jews were forced to wear clothes that clearly distinguished them from Christians.

Some twenty five years later in 1239, Pope Gregory IX brought numerous charges against the Talmud which was published to influence church leaders including the Kings of England, Portugal and Spain. His missive inspired a massive uprising against Jews. On Shabbat, March 3, 1240, Synagogues across France were invaded. Jews stood by helplessly as Church officials confiscated and burned all copies of their holy Talmud. Against this backdrop of rampant anti-Semitism and persecution of Jews in medieval Europe the Notre Dame Cathedral was built.

With a population that was largely illiterate, the church often enshrined their prevailing ideology with graphic larger-than-life statues. Little would be left to the imagination in the Notre Dame as to how triumphant the Church was over the Jews and Judaism.

Welcoming everyone that entered are two predominate statues. Ecclesia on the left was depicted as finely dressed, a chalice in one hand, the other a staff crowned with a cross.  To the right was the downcast and disheveled Sinagoga. Head bowed in defeat, her fallen crown replaced by the open mouth of a venomous serpent which also blinded her eyes; a broken staff in one hand, the tablets of commandments slipping from the other. She was the graphic image of a Judaism that had been humiliated, defeated and replaced by the victorious Catholic Church.

Thankfully society has entered an era of an ever increasing maturity by being willing to acknowledge, confront and take responsibility for sins of the past. Lenin and Stalin have been relegated to the dust bin of history; gone are the statues of Saddam Hussein; even a statue of Canada’s 1st Prime Minister was removed from the steps of Government buildings in Victoria, BC for his actions and policies against the indigenous First Nations. Many other monuments and memorials worldwide have also been removed, like that of disgraced British pedophile, Jimmy Savile and Bill Cosby from Disney World.

It’s time for France and the Catholic Church to step up to the plate – and follow suit. Notre Dame not only needs a new roof, but a makeover repenting for its anti-Semitism by removing and replacing the atrocious depiction of God’s covenanted people. Another grotesque medieval carving can also be seen on the Church of Wittenberg in Germany, the Judensau (Jew’s sow) created in 1305.

A movement of Christians worldwide are distinguishing themselves from the version of Christianity that embodies such detestable imagery as that of Sinagoga or Judensau. God has proven abundantly that He has not forgotten or broken His covenants with Israel.

In this season celebrating Redemption, it is time for Christians to let go of the religious competition of the past. A restored and Sovereign Israel is what the Bible promises. This is what Christians are to embrace and support as partners in redemption. It is in this faith and confidence that Return O’ Israel reaches out with love and respect to God’s chosen people.

Return O’ Israel also calls for French President Emmanuel Macron and the Custodians of the Notre Dame Cathedral to undertake even further renovations. Respect the Jewish people, their God-given promises and remove the exploitive statue of Sinagoga.

Notre Dame: The soul of Paris, the heart of France

John Goodall

John GoodallApril 28, 2019

Notre Dame cathedral
Credit: Getty

The devastating fire at Notre Dame in Paris has illustrated the huge affection in which this cathedral is held in Paris and across the world. It is an exceptional building that deserves its high reputation – John Goodall explains why.

That most glorious church… shines out, like the sun among stars. And although some… may say that another is more beautiful… I ask [where] would they find two towers of such magnificence and perfection, so high, so large, so strong… so many vaults… and windows ruddy with precious colours and beautiful with the most subtle figures. In fact I believe that… its inspection can scarcely sate the soul.’

Thus did the scholar John de Jandun describe the cathedral of Notre Dame in his encomium on Paris written in 1323. The church he knew is separated from us by seven centuries of change, but, nevertheless, despite the efforts of improvers, iconoclasts and restorers over that time, de Jandun would undoubtedly have recognised the great building that burnt before an amazed and powerless world last week.

Notre Dame stands on a small island created by a division of the River Seine in the very heart of Paris, the Île de la Cité. Throughout the Middle Ages, it shared the island with the seat of royal administration at the Palais de Justice. The present church is at least the fifth to have stood on roughly this site since the 4th century. It is conventional to ascribe initiative for the new church to Maurice de Sully, Bishop of Paris, and to describe the ‘cornerstone’ of the new building as having been laid by Pope Alexander III in 1163. Pointing to the tensions that existed between the Bishop and Pope, however, some authorities have questioned the veracity of this account and suggest that work might have commenced a few years earlier.

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What is not at issue, however, is the explanation for why a new church was begun here in about 1160. In the late 12th century, with its burgeoning trade and flourishing university, drawing students from across Christendom, Paris was unequivocally emerging as the most important city in Northern Europe.

Underpinning its growth was the increasing authority of the Capetian kings of France, who were in the process of extending their authority far beyond the surrounds of the capital. Their prestige and wealth helped transform Paris into an international city and the lodestone of European culture – it was Louis IX who brought the Crown of Thorns to the city. As early as 1147, Louis VII described Notre Dame as an adjunct to his crown and this sense of connection between the Capetian kings and the cathedral of Paris must explain the scale of the new edifice. Simply put, it was longer, wider and taller than any contemporary church.

No less remarkable was the speed with which work was driven forward: the whole building stood essentially complete by 1245. It would help to explain this extraordinary achievement if the Capetian kings had supported the building works financially.

The process of construction is poorly and incidentally documented. To judge from the changing technical details of the design, it seems that work broadly moved from east to west. Also, that the choir, which was the first part of the building to be completed, was constructed from its great curving outer wall inwards. In 1177, this space, which encloses the high altar, was complete except for its vaults and it was consecrated in 1182.

The initial design of the church was perhaps determined by a mason called Richard, who is mentioned by name in a document of 1164. Whatever the case, the church was laid out on a five-aisled plan – that is to say, it comprised a central vessel with two encircling aisles. This layout consciously hearkens back to the basilica of Old St Peter’s in Rome built by the Emperor Constantine. In style, however, Notre Dame was informed by more recent buildings in the surrounds of Paris in a style termed Gothic.

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In its origins, the Gothic style was a refinement of northern French Romanesque that delighted in architecture with complex underlying geometry, insubstantial structure, consistent detailing and a high ratio of window to wall. It also developed in association with the Capetians and the first important essay in the style was the reconstruction of the choir of Saint-Denis on the outskirts of modern Paris from the 1140s. This church served both as the mausoleum of the French kings and the home of their legendary battle standard, the Oriflamme.

Notre Dame looked directly back to the example of this building, borrowing from it, for example, such striking details as drum-shaped column supports for the main arcade. It also introduced a new quality that would inform French church architecture for the next two centuries: gigantism.

To the apex of its high vault, Notre Dame rises an incredible 108ft. That is an internal measurement well above the 100ft mark that denotes a medieval skyscraper. Perhaps it was the sheer scale of this structure that further encouraged the mason to explore in the design a structural aesthetic that is another hallmark of French Gothic architecture, in which the detailing of the interior with delicate shafts of stone suggests a system of support for the vaults that is completely inadequate to the scale of the building.

In that apparent inadequacy – made possible by flying buttresses (Notre Dame constitutes an early example of their use) and externalising the depth of the wall – lies part of the thrill of Gothic.

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In some respects, however, the new building was relatively conservative. The load of the high vaults was supported on an elevation that originally comprised four internal storeys, a treatment that looks back to late-Romanesque experiments in the construction of unusually high vaults. The semi-circular termination of the choir and the design of the high vaults also look back to that style, each of them spanning two bays of the elevation. It was another concession to local aesthetic preferences that the building had no central tower.

The cathedral nave probably began to rise before the choir was complete. The new work broadly respected the original design, but was accompanied by changes in the treatment of the structure and the interior detailing.

Work to it progressed in three overarching phases. The first of these encompassed the foundation levels of part of the western façade, where the two towers would rise. This was finally completed, from 1208, in the third phase, when the site of the south-west tower was cleared. To judge from the style of the sculpture that fills the three great western portals, the largest commissions of their kind to date, work to these began in about 1200.

In 1218, the endowment of a royal chaplaincy in the south nave aisle suggests that work to the church interior was almost complete. The same idea is implied by the fact that, not long before, a thief lay concealed for several days in the roof of the building.

By 1220, the nave and its great rose window at its western end was probably finished. Notre Dame, however, was no longer an isolated prodigy and, in some respects, its design was evidently regarded as problematic. All across northern France, new great Gothic churches were now rising and some, such as Bourges Cathedral, refined the design of this Parisian building.

It was presumably in the light of such projects that, in about 1220, the decision was taken to remodel the church interior and create long windows extending through the top two storeys of the elevation. In effect, the four storeys of the church were reduced to three. During the 19th century, some bays were returned (slightly inaccurately) to their original four-storey form.

With the interior complete, work then progressed to the two towers, which were probably finished by 1245. Next, in the 1250s, John de Chelles, who was possibly the fifth master mason to be involved in the building since the 1160s, remodelled the transept façades of the church.

These are dramatic display pieces and formative works in a new idiom of French Gothic termed the Rayonnant. These take to extremes the reduction of structural elements in favour of huge expanses of glass. At Notre Dame, each remodelled transept is dominated by a vast rose window of stained glass set within a square frame.

As completed, and despite architectural competition, Notre Dame was a formidable expression of the prestige, power and wealth of medieval Paris. It also reflected the Euro-pean authority of the Capetian kings. Long tradition alone prevented it from assuming the combined roles of coronation church and royal mausoleum (as occurred at Westmin-ster Abbey for example). Necessity, however, allowed it to usurp such roles: in December 1431, the 10-year-old Henry VI of England was crowned King of France here by Cardinal Beaufort (much to the annoyance of the Bishop of Paris, who felt the role was his).

The late Middle Ages witnessed few substantive changes to the structure of this colossal building beyond the creation of additional chapels between the buttresses of the outer aisles. There was some iconoclasm in the 16th century, but more important changes were effected by attempts to classicise the internal furnishings. Then came the French Revolution, during which the sculpture of the west front was badly damaged and the building briefly rededicated to the Cult of Reason and then to its rival, the Cult of the Supreme Being.

notre dame

Christ’s Passion relics at Notre Dame cathedral: The Crown of Thorns.

In 1804, Napoleon chose to be crowned Emperor in Notre Dame and the church was famously the setting for Victor Hugo’s novel The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (1831), which includes an imagined account of the building in flames. Its full restoration, however, was not begun until 1844.

Under the direction of the celebrated architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc (Country Life, June 24, 2009), the building and much of its sculpture was thoroughly repaired. This restoration work shaped the modern appearance of the building and created some of its most familiar features, including many of its gargoyles and grotesques, as well as the delicate central spire that collapsed in the recent blaze.

It will be fascinating to see what happens next to this building. There is clearly the will and the means to restore it, but, at the time of writing, it is not really clear what condition the structure is in. Much depends on this. Assuming it is sound, the cathedral could probably be repaired much in its familiar form. If it is shown to be seriously unsound, however, there will, inevitably, be calls for radical modern interventions.

Whatever the case, the reaction to the fire demonstrates that Notre Dame exercises enormous power over Paris, France and the world; the disaster has proved beyond doubt that it remains a sun among stars.

The Hidden Challenge of the Restoration of Notre-Dame

by Thierry Meyssan

The Élysée used the fire of Notre-Dame de Paris to carry out a project that was sleeping in the boxes. It has set new rules, outside tender procedures and respect for heritage not to restore the cathedral, but to transform the Île de la Cité into Europe’s leading tourist’destination on the eve of the Olympic Games of 2024. To avoid judicial constraints, he arbitrarily imposed the hypothesis of a construction incident.

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The fire of Notre-Dame Cathedral

When the fire of Notre-Dame began on the evening of April 15, 2019, all the French media and many foreigners turned to the burning cathedral. Many foreign TVs have started their newspaper with this news, but not France 2.

The public channel had planned to devote it to President Macron’s announced speech concluding the “Great National Debate”. The writing, completely sounded by the provocation provoked by this unforeseen drama, consecrated his diary, not without having first regretted that the president postponed his speech sine die; a speech in his eyes much more important.

The coldness of most journalists and the stupidity of the politicians’ hot comments suddenly showed the gaping gulf between their mental world and that of the French. For the ruling class, the beauty of Notre-Dame can not make us forget that it is a monument of Christian superstition. On the contrary, for the public, it is the place where the French meet as a people to recollect or give thanks to God.

In terms of communication, there will probably be a before and after this fire: a majority of French was stunned by this disaster, and revolted by the arrogant indifference of his ruling class.

The Island of the City and the tourism industry

Immediately, the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron decided not to rebuild Notre Dame, but to realize a difficult project that had been waiting in drawers for two and a half years.

In December 2015, a mission was sponsored by the President of the Republic, François Hollande, and the Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo. It lasted a whole year while Emmanuel Macron was Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital.

Many personalities participated, including Audrey Azoulay, then Minister of Culture and now Director of Unesco [1], or the Prefect Patrick Strzoda, then Chief of Staff to the Minister of Interior and today Emmanuel Macron.

It was headed by the President of the National Monuments Center, Philippe Bélaval, and the architect Dominique Perrault.

Noting that the island of the City is, since its remodeling by Baron Haussmann in the nineteenth century, an administrative complex closed to the public, housing the Sainte-Chapelle and the Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris, the mission proposed to transform it into a “Island-monument”. The opportunity is provided by the removal of the Palace of Justice, the reorganization of the Prefecture of Police and the hospital of the Hotel Dieu. It will indeed be possible to reorganize everything.

The mission has thus listed 35 coordinated projects, including the creation of underground traffic routes and the canopy of many interior courtyards, to make the island a must-drive for 14 million annual tourists and, possibly, French people.

The report of the mission [2] evokes the incredible commercial value of this project, but does not say a word about the heritage value, particularly spiritual, of Sainte-Chapelle and Notre-Dame that it addresses exclusively as tourist sites, sources potential income.

Unfortunately this ambitious project could not, according to its authors, be realized quickly not so much because of the absence of financing as heavy administrative habits and enormous legal constraints. Although there are only a few people on the island, the slightest expropriation can last for decades. More surprisingly, the director of the National Monuments Center seemed to regret the prohibition to destroy part of the heritage to enhance another part. Etc.

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The mission project Bélaval / Perrault

The choices of the Élysée

In the hours that followed, it was obvious that very large funds would be offered by donors ranging from ordinary citizens to large fortunes. The objective of the Élysée was therefore to set up an authority capable of leading both the reconstruction of Notre-Dame and the transformation of the Ile de la Cité.

The next day, April 16, during a televised speech, President Macron declared: “So, yes, we will rebuild Notre-Dame Cathedral even more beautiful, and I want it to be completed within 5 years” [3]. Let’s forget the “I want” characteristic not of a Republican elected, but of a business leader. Five years is extremely short, especially considering the century and a half of the construction of the cathedral. However, it is the time necessary for the work to be completed in time for tourists from the 2024 Olympic Games. This was the date planned by the Bélaval-Perrault mission.

Two days later, on the 17th of April, the Council of Ministers was entirely devoted to the consequences of the fire. Three important decisions were recorded:

• Appoint the former Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, General Jean-Louis Georgelin, to lead from the Elysee a special representation mission “to ensure the progress of the procedures and work that will be undertaken ».

• Have the parliament adopt a bill [4] governing the collection of funds, regularizing the appointment of General Georgelin who has reached the age limit and above all exempting his mission from all tendering procedures, heritage protection laws, and any constraints that may arise.`

• Launch an international architectural competition to rebuild Notre-Dame.

Another decision was made: to stifle any debate on the causes of the fire in order to avoid a judicial inquiry disturbing this beautiful arrangement.

The State lies

Immediately, the new prosecutor of the Republic of Paris, Rémy Heitz, appointed by personal intervention Emmanuel Macron, ensures that the criminal track is not privileged and that the fire is related to a construction site accident.

This insurance provokes an outcry from the site’s experts, firefighters, craftsmen and architects, for whom no worksite element was able to cause such a fire, at this place and at this speed.

The insistence of the Prosecutor and that of the Prefect of Police, Didier Lallement, to take a stand at a time when no investigator had been able to visit the scene of the fire attests to the development of an official version which does not constrain to long investigations blocking the site. It also feeds the interrogations on the arbitrarily dismissed track, that of an anti-Christian or anti-religious act, especially in the context of the vandalism against the churches (878 profanations in 2017), the voluntary fire of the Saint church -Sulpice on March 17, or even the fire of Al-Marwani mosque on the Al-Aqsa esplanade in Jerusalem.

In addition, knowing that the majority of large fires occur in the context of real estate projects, the hypothesis of a voluntary act to allow the transformation of the Ile de la Cité must be examined. These questions are all legitimate, but in the absence of investigation no definitive answer is.

Certainly, the goal of President Macron is commendable, but his method is very strange. While it is not possible to launch such a project without changing the rules of law, but if the appointment of a senior general officer is a guarantee of effectiveness, it is not a matter of respect for the law.Thierry Meyssan

Translation
Jean-Louis Scarsi


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National Action: Factions of neo-Nazi terrorist group active more than two years after government ban

“What I don’t understand in regards to Far Right extremism… If they hate LBGT so much… why do so many style themselves on Right Said Fred?” :/


National Action is in the news again! The problem is it’s being driven underground, it’s recruiting because of Brexit amongst other things… mainly the fact the UK is a post-empire shithole in political, moral and world status decline… … it gets dangerous when police officers and members of the armed forces are involved!


National Action Plan on women, peace and security… wait wrong one!
National Action… ‘Only bullets can stop us’… … be careful what you ask for!

National Action: Factions of neo-Nazi terrorist group active more than two years after government ban

Exclusive: At least five National Action factions set up to evade 2016 ban 

Neo-Nazi terrorists have continued to operate and recruit in Britain for more than two years after the government banned their organisation, it can be revealed.

In December 2016 National Action became the first far-right group to be proscribed as a terrorist organisation since the Second World War, but its members formed new groups under different names to continue efforts to inspire a race war.

While the ban allowed members to be arrested and jailed under terror laws, court cases heard how the group merely “shed one skin for another” by splitting into regional factions that would dodge the ban.

While two aliases – Scottish Dawn and NS131 – were subsequently proscribed after media reports of their links to National Action, other factions continued to operate.

The Independent understands that police and the Home Office are discussing whether to ban the terrorist group’s remaining factions, amid intensified efforts to combat far-right extremism.

One is the System Resistance Network, which was found to be recruiting new members in Wales last year.

Infighting caused a further split that created another neo-Nazi group.

Matthew Collins, a researcher with Hope Not Hate, said the most active National Action faction is the Scottish Nationalist Society.

Repeating its predecessor’s tactics, the group has targeted universities and city centres with racist stickers directing people to a website describing members as “ultra-nationalists who want to protect the progression of our people”. 

Mr Collins, who a former member of the neo-Nazi group Combat 18, said former National Action members were now “operating under a lot of different names”.

“Banning National Action would have worked if police had drilled down into the group rather than believing they would disappear,” he added.

“They just kept going on and on … there is a newer breed of groups, of which there are probably three or four. 

“We don’t know them all, we don’t know who’s in them because they’re still getting new recruits.”

All factions have continued spreading National Action’s ideology, which a former member described as the aim to achieve a “white Britain by any means necessary”, eradicating Jews, ethnic minorities and LGBT+ people.

Several National Action members have been prosecuted for membership of a banned group, which is punishable by up to 10 years in prison. 

But the law only covers National Action, Scottish Dawn and NS131, allowing members to continue their operations under a series of different names – a technique used prolifically by Anjem Choudary’s network of Islamists

The cross-government Proscription Review Group must recommend further bans, which must then be approved by parliament before coming into force.

Mr Collins said that while National Action, which was founded by two students in 2013, progressively became more dangerous, its successors are “picking up where it finished”.

“They start even darker, mysterious and [more] sophisticated than National Action did,” he warned. “They begin life as wannabe terrorists.”

Police have vowed to combat National Action and other right-wing extremists, but were caught out by a terror plot mounted by a neo-Nazi in 2017.

Jack Renshaw’s plan to behead a Labour MP was not known to police until his fellow National Action member Robbie Mullen alerted Hope Not Hate.

They were part of a faction based in northwest England and headed by Christopher Lythgoe, who became the group’s national leader after the 2016 ban.

One of the posters used by neo-Nazi group the Scottish Nationalist Society

Their trial heard that National Action were aware of impending proscription and planned to operate under new names.

“The substance of NA is the people, our talents, the bonds between us, our ideas, and our sustained force of will,” he told regional leaders in an email four days before the ban.

“All of that will continue into the future. We’re just shedding one skin for another. All genuinely revolutionary movements in the past have needed to exist partly underground. These are exciting times.”

Speaking at Renshaw’s trial in February, prosecutor Duncan Atkinson QC said: “It is clear that whilst National Action may have used other names since proscription as the flimsiest of camouflage, or limited their activities to those which were less likely to attract the attention of the authorities, the characteristics of the group have continued – by reference to its ideology, its mode of operation, for example the targeting of the young, and its strategy.”

Following the imprisonment of a neo-Nazi who was recruiting for National Action inside the British army, a senior police officer said “painstaking work” took place across the country to understand the threat it posed.

DCS Matt Ward, head of the West Midlands Counter Terrorism Unit, predicted that members “on the periphery will take on leadership roles” and appealed for public vigilance.

“Where there are new cells, we will intercept and prosecute them,” he vowed.

Police efforts are being boosted by the involvement of MI5, which has been brought into investigations previously classed as “domestic extremism” following the 2017 Finsbury Park attack and murder of Jo Cox.

A Home Office spokesperson said: “Our counterterrorism strategy, Contest, addresses all forms of terrorism and no individual or group is free to spread hate or incite violence.

“We do not routinely comment on whether organisations are or are not under consideration for proscription.”

Britain is dangerously fertile ground for the far right

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If these people are not willing to join us on the surface on the Sun… or are not able to adapt to the Sun being brought to the surface… … WE CULL THEM!

No fucking sympathy or conscience involved! These people are animals… they are lower than animals… it is our moral and divine duty to rid the Earth of them!

They are a virus upon the planet, a mistake… not wanted by nature… in order for this species to evolve and to flourish…. they must be annihilated!

(they know it, deep down, in whatever aspect of consciousness they call a soul… THEY KNOW THEIR TIME IS UP!)

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Francois? Do we still have a problem?

“Fuck off then!

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……….”…\………. _.·´
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France-Israel , What future for their Relationship?

This Article will permit to understand deeply the complex relation between The Jewish State and the Country of Human Rights. It will also analyze what will be the relations in the futures and which factors will shape the Relations between France and Israel and their future. France has traditionally been an anti-Semite country, from the […] By David Allouche Jun 28, 2016 1 Comment

This Article will permit to understand deeply the complex relation between The Jewish State and the Country of Human Rights. It will also analyze what will be the relations in the futures and which factors will shape the Relations between France and Israel and their future.

  1. France has traditionally been an anti-Semite country, from the Dreyfus affairs to the denunciations of WW2. Still since the end of the Second World War , huge improvements have been made , and the new antisemitism in France mainly come from immigrants from North Africa and not from the French Natives themselves except of course few exceptions.
  2. France has always be supportive traditionally of the under-dog. As an humanist country French philosophers and therefore traditional foreign policy under leftist governments , have always been marked by strong sensitivity with moral values and anti-colonialism sentiment, sometimes irrational. That irrationality might explains how the French supported Israel until 67 , eventually being the biggest ally and arms furnisher of the young Jewish State. Still after the extraordinary and total victory of the Jewish State in 67 against its Arab neighbors , French public opinion and therefore French Foreign policy ceased to support Israel , as they were no longer the underdog , but had become a strong regional superpower.
  3. After the War , French ceased to export arms to Israel , and took a 360 degree pan-Arab policy , led by the charismatic and iconic General de Gaulles , that was the President of France for decades , and its principles still being used by all the political party in France , named as “ The Gaullisme”.
  4. After the 73 oil embargo and the War , France decided to support unconditionally all the Arab State , its traditional allies , and benefited from large contracts , especially in the nuclear area, in Syria , Lebanon , Iraq, Morroco , Algeria, Tunisia… They also sold a lot of weapons to this countries and their expertises in many fields. The French enjoyed a special relationship with the Arab World, such as the US and Mexico, or England with India. They also refused to break up their relationship with Israel, first for historical reasons and strategic interests , but also because of the pressure of an important Jewish Lobby in France.
  5. The Internal factors. French Jewish populations have always been around 1% of the French population. This Jewish population mainly live in Paris and its area , the traditional area of power and decision-making in France. Their relative success and their solidarity managed them to build an informal and powerful lobby that Is able to influence the foreign policy of the French government when it comes to Israel. This is the reason today , as despite being a very close ally of many Arab countries , the country still brand itself as “a friend of Israel”.
  6. Internal demographic factor : Still since the 60’s , an important immigration from North Africa and Africa arrived in France for different reasons. They are all French nationals. The children of these migrants ( the “Second and Third generations”) grew up in poor cities aroung Paris , hopeless and not well-integrated into French society. They developed a new antisemitism with root originating from antisemitism of North Africa. Almost 100% of the new anti-Semitic attacks in France these past years have been committed by North Africans. This new wave of antisemitism pushed a lot of French Jews to exodus – combined with slow economic growth in France- in Israel , the United States or in United Kingdom. Therefore the demography and the number of Jews in France is slowly decreasing , therefore they will be less able to impact French Foreign Policy concerning Israel. At the contrary, French Nationals with North-Africans roots compose now around 11% of French population officially , and around 16% unofficially with all the illegal immigrants. Therefore even if they are not yet fully integrated into French Society , they hold the citizenship and the right to vote , and will be successful in the coming years , with many of their youth being admitted into top French Schools and Universities. This new generation is uncontestably more religious than their parents, most of them do the Ramadan or eat only Halal for example. They also hold a negative view of the State of Israel and a very positive view of the Palestinians . BDS , a pro-Palestinian movement originated from French Universities. The Palestinian cause and the reject of Zionism is deeply embedded into North Africa youth in France. Therefore , with more and more of them entering in politics or being able to vote, the candidates adapt and propose a more and more pro-Palestinian and anti-Israel rethoric, especially the left and the extreme-left. This is already seen in England with the Labor Party of Jeremy Corbyn and the incredible number of officials that have been suspended for Anti-Semitic declarations. Therefore the Foreign Policy of  France in the coming years is likely gonna be resolutely Pro-Palestinian and anti-Israeli, they will insist on condemning Israeli settlements in the West Bank , the Israeli discriminations towards its Arab Minority , funding pro-Palestinian NGOs. Additionally they won’t break up totally their relationship with Israel, mainly because they want to find an issue to the Israeli Palestinian conflict and the ultimate creation of a Palestinian State in the West Bank and in Gaza. They will insist on this point and they now they need Israel approval to build a Palestinian State. A Palestinian State recognized in the UN will be seen as a huge victory for French Foreign Policy.
  7. Concerning Economy , France is totally dependant on Arab oil therefore they will continue their tolerant policies toward Arab State , disregarding Human Rights. Israel has little to offer , except innovations and start ups. France which need to revitalize its economy could be interested in investing in some Israeli Start ups , but they now they might have to compete with the Americans ,so they will probably not really count on it. All this will confort the French in their pro-Arab Foreign Policy.
  8. However concerning security and military, France will be interested in a semi-secret cooperation with the Israelis. Especially in order to localize and track its own Islamic elements and to learn how to perform anti-terrorist operations , in which Israelis have a lot to offer. Additionally they might seek Israel techniques of urban warfares , especially for their interventions in Africa, (Mali, Centrafrican Republic, possibly Libya in a close future.). Therefore the Military and the Intelligence Apparatus will counterbalance in the shadow and push for less anti-Israel rethoric of the government. The situation in Syria, and the number of IS cells and terror attacks in Europe will be key factors to determine how far this security cooperation would go. But ultimately it will not change the image of the public opinion of Israel , especially concerning its treatment of the Palestinians.
  9. Additionally the image deficit of Israel in France , will be accentuated by the presence of an Hawkish government in Israel , led by the right or the extreme right. Indeed Israel is undoubtedly leaning to the Right (Libermann appointed as defense minister, Benett as education minister..). This leaning to the right will also be shaped by the number of rockets landing in Israel and the number of terror attacks committed by the Palestinians.
  10. From its side Israel does not need France economically or militarily. From the diplomatic perspective France is one of the most important actor in the European Union with Germany. Therefore have France diplomatically would improve drastically the image of Israel at the United Nations and Israel would be able to pressure the EU for the funding of radical Palestinians NGOs, or more importantly to fight BDS movement.
  11. Fighting the BDS movement will be extremely important for Israel in the coming years , they learned from the example of South Africa and the impact of boycott on the long term. They will definitely have to do a parallel diplomacy with Jewish organizations in France in order to do grassroots PR in Universities and in the main cities. However it is unlikely to succeed due to the demographic trends in France and the Human Rights importance.

Economically the relationship will remain the same , with maybe a slight increase of French decrease of French Investments in Israel, mainly due to BDS pressure.

Politically, France will support more than ever its traditional Arab Partners, even if they are since shifting toward Russia (Syria..) or the US (Saudi Arabia, Lebanon,Egypt…). Still it will be able to retain its soft power and discrete grip over these regimes. Diplomatic cooperation will be deep. Especially after the heavy Qataris and Saudis investments in France, and the corruption of its elite. Israel will remain a partner of France , but  French leaders would avoid to show support or to be seen with Israeli leaders due to high internal pressure.

Security :  concerning security and intelligence sharing it will greatly depend on terror attacks in Europe, the level of Chaos in Syria and the degree of intervention needed in Africa. Intelligence and security cooperation will be high tough secret and will undoubtedly influence and moderate anti-Israeli stance at the political level.

France’s harsh message to Israel
France’s harsh message to IsraelThe French president asks Israel to transfer tax revenues to the PA. Netanyahu: ‘Your request is morally and politically wrong.’ Arutz Sheva
France demanded that Israel stop the freezing of tax revenues of the Palestinian Authority and transfer all the funds collected for the PA to Ramallah including the amounts paid by the PA to terrorists and their families. According to the report on Channel 12 News, the French demand received a clear response from Prime Minister Netanyahu who replied in an official letter that “Israel will continue to act in accordance with the law of the Knesset. This request is morally and politically incorrect and is even contrary to the European principles of counterterrorism.” The French and the Europeans view the Israeli decision as unreasonable, and as a blow to the Palestinian Authority, which undermines stability, especially when Europe sees that money is flowing – to Hamas in Gaza. The Israeli Cabinet is in agreement that the law passed by the Knesset should be implemented as is and that the freeze of money to the PA be continued. “We will not transfer money to enable the PA to pay terrorists and security prisoners,” they say in Israel.