“Any drug? One question… can it make DMT and LSD ten times more potent?”
“Are you sure Mills has just cured all these diseases and viruses?”
“I’m not just sure… I’m HIV Positive”
“Any drug? One question… can it make DMT and LSD ten times more potent?”
“Are you sure Mills has just cured all these diseases and viruses?”
“I’m not just sure… I’m HIV Positive”
Last thing to mention… did you read about Notre Dames bees? Isn’t that fucking amazing!
Ladies and gents… what I am talking about IS THE GREATEST HUMAN DISCOVERY EVER MADE! (since fire at least, probably wasn’t modern homo sapiens that discovered that one)
Standard QM is completely wrong. The structure of the electron being taught is completely wrong. There is an unlimited, clean, safe and extraordinary source at our fingertips… the power of the sun!
It’s not just that… it’s drug design, drug delivery, genetics and DNA, novel compounds with unexplored properties, electron ‘orbitality’ to be added to the periodic table (possibly 137 for each element)… 137 lower states of the hydrogen atom! The identity of dark matter, 95% of the Universe… a new model of the Universe (Oscillating Universe)… new propulsion methods (Anti gravity, fifth force)…
Possibly a rudimentary understanding of how the Universe gave rise to consciousness (for those more inclined to philosophy and ‘religion’… Kabbalah)… but the theory can be used to develop AI (real AI!)
How did this discovery go unnoticed for almost thirty years? TAKE A FUCKING LOOK AROUND! 😀
The CIA know how big this is… … let’s nick it! 😀 Or at least share it 🙂
$280 trillion global energy industry. Multi trillion dollar industry in pharmaceuticals, medicine, aviation, fucking God knows what else… shit we haven’t even invented or even imagined yet!
Read the following books (read Holverstott three times, reading Stolper for the second time… going to start on The Grand Unified Theory OF Classical Physics properly this summer)…
THIS IS OURS FOR THE FUCKING TAKING! (before the Russians and Chinese wake up to what’s happened!)
Research from Israel is driving awesome advances in medicine, healthcare, water management, autonomous vehicles, consumer products, manufacturing, and – well, you name it.
So it’s only natural that many international academic, corporate and government bodies are signing collaboration agreements with Israeli research universities and hospitals.
Israeli physicist Beena Kalisky from Bar-Ilan University’s Institute for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials (BINA) is leading a team of researchers in France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden in developing a desktop-sized quantum computer.
BINA recently inked research and cooperation deals with the United Nations International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory in Portugal; the University of Jyväskylä in Finland; State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemicals, Fibers & Polymer Materials at Donghua University in Shanghai, and Hanyang University in Seoul.
“Israel offers a combination of good research and good conditions for partners, and that attracts entities to us,” says BINA Director Prof. Dror Fixler, also a member of the Bar-Ilan Faculty of Engineering and a new fellow of the International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE).
“In order to get big grants for projects, researchers must gather a team of individuals and labs from different places around the globe,” Fixler tells ISRAEL21c.
Bilateral agreements signed by the Israeli government with many countries in Europe and Asia over the last 10 years ease the way for researchers in these countries to find partners in Israel when they need collaborators, he explains.
It is internationally acknowledged that there’s vast innovation to be mined from Israeli research institutions, says Dr. Rafael Beyar, director of Rambam Health Care Campus in Haifa.
The Georgia Institute of Technology’s Global Center for Medical Innovation (GCMI) recently chose Rambam as its partner for a new Biomedical and Digital Health Innovation Center in Atlanta to help Israeli med-tech startups get their products on the US healthcare market.
“Being on the forefront of medical practice on one hand, with tight links to the academic world on the other, and enhanced by the entrepreneurial culture around us, creates many innovations within Israel,” Beyar tells ISRAEL21c.
“This is why collaborations with, for example, Atlanta, are so important. [The idea is] to try and generate an easy path to regulatory approval and clinical adoption of leading new innovations that stem from Israel,” says Beyar, who is also a professor of medicine and biomedical engineering at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.
GCMI CEO Tiffany Wilson said Rambam was picked because “Israeli engineering and entrepreneurial expertise regularly translate to medical devices capable of improving patient outcomes while driving the overall cost of care down in many parts of the world, including the United States.”
Global healthcare also stands to benefit from joint research projects in the Technion and Intel Corporation’s newly inaugurated Center for Artificial Intelligence.
In addition, the center will apply Technion innovations to the task of making better autonomous vehicles, smart environments, and home and industrial robots using natural language processing, deep learning and hardware optimization for learning algorithms.
“The Technion is the leading university in Israel in the field of artificial intelligence and is one of the top 10 universities in the world in the field,” said Center for Artificial Intelligence Director Prof. Shie Mannor from the Technion’s Faculty of Electrical Engineering.
The Technion and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot have collaborated on nearly 50 research projects since 2011 with the University of Michigan as part of the Michigan-Israel Partnership for Research and Education program.
The latest projects in this collaboration, funded by $20 million from the D. Dan and Betty Kahn Foundation, are focused on building autonomous robots to assist humans with difficult, repetitive or dangerous jobs; and tools to enhance privacy and accuracy in big-data analytics for precision health.
“In this day and age, international and interdisciplinary collaborations are vital to the future of science and engineering,” said Prof. Boaz Golany from the Technion, adding that the research “will benefit people not only in the US and Israel, but worldwide.”
In 2018, the Technion was invited to join EuroTech Universities, a group of research-based universities working to translate basic research into societal solutions.
The other consortium members are the Technical University of Denmark, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, École Polytechnique, TechniEindhoven University of Technology and Technical University of Munich.
“Technion is a perfect match to join and boost this joint endeavor, given its scientific excellence and vibrant innovation ecosystem,” said Jan Mengelers, president of the EuroTech Universities Alliance, established in 2011. “We are pooling our complementary research strengths and connecting our innovation ecosystems for more impact.”
“We bring the ‘Technion way’ of doing things to this partnership: reaching our goals faster and with fewer resources,” Technion President Prof. Peretz Lavie said.
“The combination with the great strengths of the other members of the alliance, which comprises an elite group of European universities similar to Technion, will help us ensure we are at the forefront of scientific research, benefiting millions worldwide.”
Water, air and healthcare
Many international bodies are thirsty for Israeli expertise in water and health expertise. The past year alone saw significant international activity in these sectors.
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev’s Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research agreed to a five-year R&D partnership with the Water Institute of the Gulf in Baton Rouge, Louisiana – America’s first international water research center — for joint projects to improve groundwater, farming, drinking water aquifer utilization, surface water and streams.
Justin R. Ehrenwerth, president and CEO of the Water Institute of the Gulf, said, “Our future generations depend on finding and developing the best possible science. And BGU has done a lot of that. You’ve made the desert bloom. You’ve taught the world that water challenges can be solved.”
On March 31, the joint German-Israeli aeroHEALTH Helmholtz International Lab opened on the Rehovot campus of the Weizmann Institute of Science to research the effects of atmospheric aerosols on human health. The lab was developed by scientists from Weizmann, Helmholtz Zentrum München, and Forschungszentrum and is to run initially for five years.
Biomedicine, neuroscience and environmental sciences are the focus of the new Joint Translational Science and Technology Research Institute recently launched in Shanghai’s Zizhu International Education Park in cooperation with the University of Haifa and East China Normal University.
“We believe that our cooperation with ECNU will lead to groundbreaking studies in applied science, biostatistics, brain research, behavioral research and more,” said Prof. Ron Robin, president of the University of Haifa.
The Regional Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research (RADAR) Center of Ben-Gurion University — recognized by the US National Institute on Drug Abuse for its “contributions to scientific diplomacy through outstanding efforts in international collaborative research” – recently signed a memorandum of understanding with the University of Colorado – Anschutz Medical Campus to promote substance-use research, education, training and exchange.
RADAR works with international governmental agencies including the US Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration, US Agency for International Development (USAID), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Initiative, and universities worldwide.
RADAR is starting collaborations with the University of Malta, Chiang Mai University, and universities in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Vladivostok to study attitudes, beliefs and knowledge among medical and allied healthcare students regarding medical cannabis.
The Weizmann Institute of Science and Institut Curie in Paris recently signed an historic partnership to work closely together to improve knowledge in the life sciences, particularly in physics, chemistry and cancer research.
Innovation and entrepreneurship
Israel is, of course, famous for its startup smarts, and some recent academic partnerships leverage that expertise.
IBM’s Alpha Zone partnered with Hadassah University Medical Center of Jerusalem to establish an accelerator for post-seed Israeli startups developing deep-tech solutions and services in digital medicine.
Tel Aviv University was chosen as the only foreign founding partner of a new innovation and entrepreneurship hub in Chicago focusing on research, education and startup creation in the fields of cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, big data and food security.
Tel Aviv University and Yissum, the tech-transfer company of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, are partners with the University of Illinois, University of Chicago and Northwestern University in the new $500 million Discovery Partners Institute, supported by the State of Illinois and the city of Chicago.
Discovery Partners Institute will facilitate academic and industry collaboration, with the initial focus on entrepreneurship, biosciences, computer science including AI, big data and cybersecurity, as well as food and agricultural technologies.
Yissum also is opening centers of international cooperation in Asunción (Paraguay) and Shenzhen (China) to facilitate regional commercialization of early-stage technologies coming out of the university’s research labs. Yissum CEO and President Yaron Daniely said additional international centers of cooperation are in the pipeline.
America’s no longer pretending to be an honest broker. The Arab world’s no longer pretending to care about the Palestinians. That leaves France’s Macron holding the whole future of the Middle East peace process in his hands
Professor (Emer.) Shmuel Trigano is the author of numerous books focusing on Jewish philosophy and Jewish political thought: ‘The existence of Israel as a democracy hampers France’s efforts to mobilize the Mediterranean Arab countries as allies.’
Manfred Gerstenfeld interviews Shmuel Trigano:
“France embraces a pro-Arab policy for several reasons. History plays a substantial role. In the 19th century France was a protector of Christian and holy sites in Palestine. Also, via its ‘Mediterranean Policy’ France tries to increase its relative weight in the European Union through good relations with the North African countries, where large numbers of French citizens originate. France has a closer relationship with those countries than Germany and other Northern European states.
“A third reason which motivates France’s pro-Arab policy is the fact that several populations that are hostile toward Israel live in the country. These include many Muslims. In addition, a large part of the public harbors left-wing resentment against the former colonial role of France. This expresses itself in pro-Arab positions.“
Shmuel Trigano is a retired Professor of Sociology at Paris University. He has founded various institutes for Jewish learning. He is the author of numerous books focusing on Jewish philosophy and Jewish political thought.
“In view of its Vichy past and remorse regarding the Shoah, France sees itself as a self-appointed moral guardian of Israel. This role is however conditional upon Israel showing restraint in exercising its sovereignty. Under this condition France has imagined a scenario in which it will save Israel in case of danger. This is a French pipedream.
“The existence of Israel as a democracy hampers France’s aims in trying to mobilize the Mediterranean Arab countries as allies. By taking unsympathetic positions toward Israel, France shows its support for Arab countries, and is their de facto spokesperson in the West. This is further accentuated by France’s complete support for the Palestinian cause.
“According to French law, foreign policy is the competence of the country’s president. In practice foreign policy is determined by the Foreign Office, commonly known as the Quai d’Orsay. As a result, there has hardly been any difference in the country’s policy toward Israel during the terms of the last three presidents. Nicolas Sarkozy was perhaps a little bit more friendly in his words than socialist president François Hollande. As far as Sarkozy’s acts were concerned, it didn’t make much difference. France always votes in an unfriendly or hostile way toward Israel in international forums.
“Under Hollande a majority of the parliament claimed – with a standing ovation — recognition of ‘the State of Palestine.’ President Emmanuel Macron will not deviate from his predecessors’ policies toward Israel. Nor can one expect much from him as far as the fight against antisemitism is concerned.”
Trigano remarks: “There is a huge contrast between the morality that France requires from Israel and its own behavior. One can best see this in regard to Iran. France politically supports a country which wants to destroy Israel and exterminate its population. In addition, Iran is a major supplier of weapons to countries with extreme violent intentions.
“France’s international policy is at the same time an internal one. The Palestinian cause is the banner of a large part of their Muslim population who demonstrate in the streets carrying Palestinian flags and Hamas emblems. Such actions are supported by the French public due to the systematically distorted media reports about developments in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
“The semi-government press agency, Agence France Presse, is a major producer of distorted news about Israel. The hostility toward Israel is ambient in society, in particular in the media and among intellectuals.
BDS activists present themselves as supporters of victims, which fits their traditional contempt for Jews. The brain behind these actions is the Palestinian Authority. France plays an important part in the PA’s global campaign to undermine Israel’s legitimacy.
“The main forces of the BDS campaign in France originate in part of the Muslim immigrant populations, the extreme left and the remnants of the communist party. These BDS activists present themselves as supporters of victims, which fits their traditional contempt for Jews. The brain behind these actions is the Palestinian Authority. France plays an important part in the PA’s global campaign to undermine Israel’s legitimacy. This is done with the compliance of Western European democracies. The numeric weakness of the Jewish electorate doesnot help the situation.
“France’s political elite has lacked the courage to confront the variety of political and national problems that the immigrant population poses. The Islam practiced by parts of the recent Muslim immigrant community in France is not modern. In addition its adherents are still emotionally attached to their countries of origin.
“The French government is unwilling to confront this reality. Instead It promotes a dialogue of religions. Thus, Christians and Jews are supposed to help the social integration of Muslims. This attitude is radically different from the conditions that Napoleon demanded of Catholics and Jews in order to become equal citizens.
“The now decimated socialist party has played a particularly negative role toward Jews in this century. At the beginning of 2000 major violence against the Jews broke out while the socialist Jospin government was in power. More than 500 antisemitic attacks by immigrants occurred over two years. Yet publicity about the violence was censored. Years later, the then Minister of the Interior said this was done in order not to throw ‘oil on the fire’ meaning, the security of the Jews had to be sacrificed to serve a non-existent ‘social peace.’
“Not surprisingly tens of thousands of Jews have left the country in recent years. One must conclude that there is little light in the future for the Jewish community in France, by far the biggest in Europe.”
How Israel should react to France’s ongoing anti-Israeli arrogance
When the protest of the ‘yellow vests’ began, Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister, Michael Oren, joked that Israel would host an international peace conference for France.
Israel’s decision to approve more than 2000 homes in villages in Judea and Samaria (aka ‘West Bank’) drew the standard condemnations from the European Union (EU) and France. The EU said that Israeli plans undermine the viability of a two-state solution and prospects for a lasting peace. The EU continues to ignore the fact that the Palestinian Authority systematically rewards violence. There is thus no logical relationship between the establishment of a Palestinian state and lasting peace.
The text of the spokesman of the French Foreign Ministry merits more attention. It condemned Israel’s decision to expand settlement housing. It added that such activity does not correspond with the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 which forbids settlement building. According to the definition of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA), the United Nations is, however, an organization which is a frequent anti-Semitic actor. The French spokesman also repeated the pipedream of the EU saying that the settlements endanger the two-state solution, the only solution that would allow for peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians.
Israel usually does not respond to such condemnations which it apparently considers a kind of evil European ritual. Such an attitude may have made sense at a time when Israel was more of an outsider in the world. Israel’s political position has however greatly improved in recent times. France, on the other hand is experiencing a particularly low period. Its government cannot control internal sources of violence. This makes the condemnation of Israel an act of extreme arrogance. Those who sit in glasshouses should not throw stones.
Once a week, for the past two months, there have been major demonstrations by the so-called “yellow vests” against France’s economic situation. Some protesters loot and destroy public and private property. One of the nation’s iconic symbols, Paris’ Arc de Triomphe, has been damaged. Demonstrators are calling for the resignation of President Emanuel Macron. His popularity dropped to 23% at the beginning of December. This matches the approval rating of his socialist predecessor François Hollande in late 2013. The latter is considered the least popular French president in modern history.
There is another more important reason not to let the French condemnation pass without a response from Israel. An EU organization, the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) published a report in December 2018 titled Experiences and Perceptions of anti-Semitism. The FRA claims that this study is the largest study on European anti-Semitism ever undertaken. The survey asked the Jews polled about their experiences and perceptions of hate crime, discrimination and anti-Semitism in twelve member states. These together are home to over 96% of the EU’s estimated Jewish population.
Opinions of French Jews about the Jewish situation in their country were, on many issues, the most negative in Europe. In France, almost all respondents saw anti-Semitism as a “very big” or “fairly big” problem. A somewhat smaller percentage saw racism in France similarly. Almost all French respondents said that anti-Semitism had increased during the past five years.
The survey specifically asked about anti-Semitic graffiti, desecration of Jewish cemeteries, vandalism of Jewish buildings or institutions, expressions of hostility toward Jews as well as in the media and political life, and on the internet (including social media). In France, the majority of respondents rate almost all these manifestations of anti-Semitism as a big problem.
Virtually all French respondents considered the expressions of hostility toward Jews in the street and other public places a big problem. The majority of French respondents — a higher percentage than elsewhere — worried about being confronted with anti-Semitic verbal insults and physical attacks in the coming twelve months. An even higher percentage of those polled were concerned that family members or close friends might become victims of anti-Semitic insults and harassments in the next twelve months. Again this percentage was higher than in any other country surveyed.
In 2018, a manifesto against Muslim anti-Semitism was signed by 250 Jewish and non-Jewish high profile individuals.
France was also the country where the percentage of respondents who said that they never wear or display items which could identify them as Jewish such as a skullcap or a Star of David was highest. Muslims were considered among the country’s three top categories of anti-Semitic perpetrators.
The situation for Jews in France is so severe that in 2018, a manifesto against Muslim anti-Semitism was signed by 250 Jewish and non-Jewish high profile individuals. This document sums up the main elements of violence and incitement against Jews emanating from parts of this immigrant community.
When the protest of the ‘yellow vests’ began, Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister, Michael Oren, joked that Israel would host an international peace conference for France. However, making fun of the French, in their misery, may not be the best reaction to their Foreign Office’s condemnation of Israel’s activities.
Responding to this condemnation may provide a unique occasion to draw international attention to the widespread anti-Semitism in France. With more media attention to French anti-Semitism elsewhere in the West one hopes that the French government will strengthen its fight against it. Additionally, if the French government starts to realize that condemnations of Israel have a boomerang effect, the net gain of a strong Israeli reaction will be even greater.
Report: Paris turns into Mossad’s playgroundAccording to Le Monde, the Israeli spy agency set up an operations room in the French capital for Hamas official Mahmoud al-Mabhouh’s assassination in Dubai, among other missions; ‘French hands are tied, our ability to respond to their actions is limited,’ complains French intelligence official.
Offices of Jewish student group in Paris vandalized at local university by 2 men who filmed themselves urinating on the group’s literature.
“Do you think they got the message?”
“Fucking hell fire!”
“If it was me… I’d rebuild the roof ‘psychedelic’… the entire roof made of multi coloured, kaleidoscopic, psychedelic, stain glass that reflect the Sun from the outside in to the main hallway of the Cathedral… when you walk in it would be like ‘going under’ an Ayahuasca/DMT or LSD experience!” 😀
Unfortunately, even I know that’s not going to happen… BUT!
What some of us are suggesting is, something to symbolise Sun worship, and bringing the Sun down to planet Earth… and the beginning of the Age of Aquarius. 🙂
(if it was up to me EVERY building on the planet would harness and reflect the Sun)
Something to symbolise humanities scientific achievements throughout the ages? The Enlightenment?… Reason, Liberty and Science… and it’s conquest over religious dogma!
(“Come on now! At Notre Dame?” “Fuck not?… We haven’t had any ideas from The Vatican!”)
Modern contemporary or in line with the building Gothic history? Both?
(it was last rebuilt in the 19th century)
Again the only architecture I’ve ever studied is Norman Foster… so I can’t suggest anyone else at this point.
This is the chance for France to invite the worlds most brilliant architects and engineers (homegrown) to rebuild Notre Dame Cathedral for 21st century, unveil it to the world at Paris Olympics!
(it just saved Macrons arse potentially)
An expert offers a scientific perspective on what has been lost and what can be restored
The world watched helplessly this week as Paris’s treasured Notre Dame cathedral went up in flames. Although fire brigades managed to save parts of the building, such as the bell towers, the blaze destroyed the roof and spire—along with countless artifacts.
However, this is not the first time Notre Dame has suffered major damage, and the reconstruction project to come (donors have already pledged hundreds of millions of dollars to the effort) is neither the first nor likely the last for the cathedral. “This building is an archaeological palimpsest,” says Dimitris Theodossopoulos, a civil engineer at the University of Edinburgh. “Our generation simply adds something to this, and the next generation will add something else.”
Theodossopoulos specializes in conservation and has studied Gothic vaults as well as the stability of stone walls. Scientific American spoke with him about what remains of Notre Dame, what has been lost, and how its reconstruction will unfold.
What have they managed to save?
It seems that most of the stone fabric is intact. The bells, another important artifact of the cathedral, are housed at the front towers. They were afraid they would melt, and more pieces of history would be lost, but then they managed to stop the fire there. Every major Christian building usually prides themselves on having relics of this and that saint. Some of that was lost; some, since they are movable, were moved away very quickly
And what has been lost?
The whole roof is gone; all the timber elements have gone. The spire, of course, is the most dramatic [loss]. There have been at least a few images of the interior, where we can see damage on the furnishings and decorations. I think all the permanent paintings and sculpture within the cathedral might have been severely damaged because of falling debris or the heat. Most of the religious objects, heavy artifacts that could not be moved—small altarpieces, little chapels, statues, urns, fonts—have been affected. The altar, for example: there was this little video that the fire brigade released, which shows the altar where the services happen being completely destroyed.
What about the stained-glass windows?
It seems that the major rose window on the south façade is intact. But some of the smaller ones, the windows that were closer to the roof, might have deformed. Remember it’s lead [used in the windows], so it melts easily. And maybe also the fact of quick cooling—when you throw water at something very hot—the cold water the fire brigade threw might have even further damaged and cracked some of the stained glass.
How do you repair something like that?
It depends on the damage. For small, round windows, it can be just a matter of salvaging any original fragments and recomposing them. The good thing with Notre Dame is it’s a quite well-documented building, so they may have very good pictures or even drawings of the damaged stained glass. Some of [the windows] might have even been replaced in the major restoration of the mid-19th century. If [the window is] small, it’s just a replacement, a logical composition of what is useful to salvage. If it’s major, like the big rose windows, there’s a structural implication sometimes. If you look up close at a stone window, you can see that all the framing—the mullions that contain the stained glass—are really thin stone beams. And yes, stone is an incombustible material; but with high heat it might start cracking here and there. So, they might have to take it apart and really look at it as a microstructure. This can take a couple of years; it’s quite unique. Understanding how the structure works is very important, then producing the missing stained glass, and then reproducing any stone element. And then putting all that together requires a very delicate operation.
Stone doesn’t burn, but the timber parts of the building did. What role does timber play in the cathedral’s structure?
The stone roofing and the whole stone structure is what we see from the interior. However, these buildings need protection from the elements, so all these cathedrals also have a timber roof. The double-pitched roof you see very often in these buildings is a timber truss, a triangular arrangement of timber beams to form a pitched roof. That’s the broad difference: the roof is timber, all the rest of the structure is stone.
This fire made very clear why stone is important. Because stone is incombustible, it doesn’t burn. But the roof is being pushed outwards as it collapses, and then it drags the fabric [of the building] with it. It’s indirect damage that happens with the stonework: not from the heat itself, but from the collapse of the roof. If you look at the pictures of the interior, you will see this gaping hole right below the spire. The spire collapsed—it was timber covered with lead, so it’s completely flammable—and pierced through the stonework.
How will they start repairing some of this damage?
Even if there are any pieces of timber left behind, this has more of an archaeological value, so they would take them aside and salvage them. First of all, they have to secure the stone fabric. Because—as the wall was collapsing and deforming and opening up, and as they are going to remove the timbers—chances are that the top edge of the building will be very delicate. So, the first thing they will have to do is brace the stoneworks, apply probably a very big long bracing on all the top of the cathedral. [This is] similar to what they did in another important church, St. Francis of Assisi, that was damaged in ’97 in Italy. The bracing cancels deformations, and also bonds the building a bit better together. So that will be the first step, and then they will have to think about the roof. We’re talking about north of France, which can snow very heavily, so that means a high-pitched, permanent roof.
Many cathedrals like Reims and Soissons were destroyed in the First World War at the borders with Germany and Belgium, where the major battles happened. Again, the fire destroyed the soft elements like the timber, but the stonework remained. In Reims, there was this project of reconstructing the roof with concrete ribs instead of having a timber truss, as with most cathedrals at the time. This guy [architect Henri Deneux] built a roof like the keel of a ship upside down, but with fireproof concrete ribs, very much in line with the fireproofing of stone vaults. Concrete is heavier than timber, but the sections were thinner, and that meant that the weight of the new concrete roof was similar to the weight of the traditional timber roof. That could be a solution, a way forward.
Do you think they would do that here in Notre Dame?
I would strongly recommend it because it bypasses [the fire] problem. This could happen again—it will not happen in 30 years, because we will be very alert, but a lead replacement in 40, 50 years might cause exactly the same problem. It’s like a lesson to everybody that we can apply innovations to these buildings, can further secure them in the future, and bypass all the problems that timber has been bringing. Fireproofing completely is the first priority.
How will they make the restoration authentic?
All these major cathedrals have gone through so many phases. The original construction of the cathedral—which was already modifying earlier phases—was completely concluded around the 13th century, over 100, 150 years. Then many modifications happened. Each of [these phases] is authentic in its own merits, because it represents the ambitions of the period, the technology of the period, how people would understand or misunderstand the building—historical cultural importance. So, it is very important to understand the weighting of each of these phases into the current image we have about conservation.
There was major damage after the French Revolution, and then a major restoration in the mid-19th century, which triggered a lot of debate. [Eugène] Viollet-le-Duc was an engineer, and he would pick up a style that he thought was the right one—Gothic, for him—and he would kind of force the remnants of the building to follow that. As you do that, since the science of archaeology was not very well-developed back then, of course you make many mistakes. Even with some not-very-correct premises, the 19th-century restoration managed to see the building as a whole—this vast conglomerate of arts, architecture, history, and cultural significance—and they applied a holistic approach. It is a paradigm of restoration which you find often in conservation books
My understanding now is that it will again go through a holistic approach. They will review everything that happens: the daily religious life of the building, its culture significance, the flow for tourists, safety—many things will be put on the table. Some of it might bypass or sideline some of the original features in order to promote modern ones. I think it should be once again an emblematic restoration, in the sense that it should create debate. It should attract the best engineers, the best materials, important innovation. This building is an archaeological palimpsest. Our generation simply adds something to this, and the next generation will add something else. It’s an ongoing thing we need to consider.
“What I find absolutely fascinating in regards to all these ‘Christians’… some upset, some blaming Muslims… some wanted a Holy War! 😀 … when was the last time any of them even entered a Church, let alone visited Notre Dame fucking Cathedral! Did any ever have any intention of visiting Notre Dame Cathedral? How many even practise their ‘faith’? When was the last time any of them even opened a fucking Bible? DO THEY EVEN OWN ONE!
Anyway… looks like there is footage of someone on the roof of the Cathedral, a flash, only minutes prior to the fire.
All the companies involved in the restoration work, state there where no workers on site at the time… even more there was no electricity on site!
Again… to highlight most Christians absolute ignorance in regard to their own history… if I was to say “Perhaps its the ghost of Jacques de Molai, back to seek his revenge on the French and the Catholic Church!”…. most would just stare blankly and me and say “Fucking Jew!”
(it reminds of the whole MI6 whacking Diana thing… the over reactional bullshit from people who don’t actually know fuck all or actually give two fucks… … stupid people are amazing!)
RIP Keith Flint! (“oh the grief I feel at the death of Keith Flint… I don’t know if I can live anymore!”)