“First, this is something I know nothing about or have any history of in my family. One of my sisters ex’s once tried to use violence against her… she put him in hospital with a mug (quite fitting I know).
Second… if the British public refuse to do anything about the horrifying statistics regarding child abuse… I doubt very much their going to do anything about violence or stalking of women.
Third… look what the Israeli women just did! 😀 They told their country…
“Do something in regards to women being killed at the hands of men… or we shut the country down!”
‘Israel is not protecting women who risked their lives in its defence from violence in their homes’
Allison Kaplan Sommer writes about why tens of thousands who gathered for a mass demonstration in Tel Aviv
I’m not at all shocked by the statistics in the UK… if anything I thought it might be worse (in regards to murders).
And Stalking Laws?!?!?! Don’t make me fucking laugh please! THE UK IS THE STALKING CAPITAL OF THE WORLD! The police fucking do it! If I was a female victim, I would have emigrated a long time ago! (it’s only because I’m a male victim, and prepared to have good fight, I’m still here).
We’ll see… but I expect the UK will most likely completely bury it’s head in the sand, do nothing… and crimes will only increase in the next five years.
Curbing domestic violence is not working as number of women killed by men stays the same over last decade, campaigners warn
At least 139 women were murdered by a man last year
Every case of domestic abuse should be taken seriously and each individual given access to the support they need. All victims should be able to access appropriate support. Whilst both men and women may experience incidents of inter-personal violence and abuse, women are considerably more likely to experience repeated and severe forms of abuse, including sexual violence. They are also more likely to have experienced sustained physical, psychological or emotional abuse, or violence which results in injury or death.
There are important differences between male violence against women and female violence against men, namely the amount, severity and impact. Women experience higher rates of repeated victimisation and are much more likely to be seriously hurt (Walby & Towers, 2017; Walby & Allen, 2004) or killed than male victims of domestic abuse (ONS, 2017). Further to that, women are more likely to experience higher levels of fear and are more likely to be subjected to coercive and controlling behaviours (Dobash & Dobash, 2004; Hester, 2013; Myhill, 2015; Myhill, 2017).
The United Nations defines gender based violence in the following way:
“The definition of discrimination includes gender based violence, that is, violence that is directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately. It includes acts that inflict physical, mental or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty.” (CEDAW 1992: para. 6).
Some key statistics:
The majority of victims of domestic homicides (homicides by an ex/partner or family member) from April 2013 to March 2016 were female (70%, or 319), with 30% of victims being male (135). This contrasts with victims of non-domestic homicides, where the majority of victims were male (88%, or 704) and 12% of victims were female. (ONS, 2017)
Government statistics show that 246 women were killed by their partner or ex-partner from April 2013 to March 2016 in England and Wales. 242 of these 246 women were killed by men, one by a woman, and for three female victims there were no suspect details available. Seventy-two men were killed by partners/ex-partners in the same time period; 32 of these 72 men were killed by men and 40 were killed by women. (ONS, 2017)
One study of 96 cases of domestic abuse recorded by the police found that men are significantly more likely to be repeat perpetrators and significantly more likely than women to use physical violence, threats, and harassment. In a six year tracking period the majority of recorded male perpetrators (83%) had at least two incidents of recorded abuse, with many having a lot more than two and one man having 52 repeat incidents. Whereas in cases where women were recorded as the perpetrator the majority (62%) had only one incident of abuse recorded and the highest number of repeat incidents for any female perpetrator was eight. The study also found that men’s violence tended to create a context of fear and control; which was not the case when women were perpetrators. (Hester, 2013)
Over 80% (83%) of high frequency victims (more than 10 crimes) are women. (From a study of data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales, a nationally representative household survey.) (Walby & Towers, 2018)
In the year ending March 2017, the large majority of defendants in domestic abuse-related prosecutions were men (92%), and the majority (65%) of victims were recorded as female (13% of victims were male and in 21% of prosecutions the sex of the victim was not recorded) (ONS, 2017)
Femicide is generally defined as the murder of women because they are women, though some definitions include any murders of women or girls.
Femicide has been identified globally as a leading a cause of premature death for women, yet there is limited research on the issue in Europe.
The latest Femicide Census report, published in December 2018, reveals that 139 women killed by men in 2017, and 40% of cases featured ‘overkilling’. Three quarters (76%, 105) of women killed by men were killed by someone they knew; 30 women were killed by a stranger, of whom 21 were killed in a terrorist attack.
By collating femicides, we can see that these killings are not isolated incidents, too many of them follow a repeated pattern. Many were committed in similar locations (59%, 82 women were killed at their home or the home they shared with the perpetrator), a sharp instrument was used as a weapon in 66 cases, and nearly half (46%, 64) of women killed by men were killed by a current or former intimate partner.
For the first time, the Femicide Census has collected data on incidents of overkilling, where the force and/or methods used by the perpetrator was greater than that required to kill the victim.
Overkilling was evident in four in ten (42%, 58) cases where women were killed by men in 2017, according to data collected by the latest Femicide Census report from court and media reports.
One report stated that a victim had been stabbed 175 times, while several victims were described in reports as being “hit 40 times with an axe”, “bludgeoned repeatedly” and “battered virtually beyond all recognition”.
By viewing these cases of femicide all together, we can learn what needs to be done to reduce, and ultimately prevent, the killing of women by men
Download the full report
The Femicide Census: 2017 Findings. Annual Report on UK Femicides 2017
The Westminster government must ensure that the proposed domestic abuse bill and wider violence against women and girls strategy incorporates the findings and learnings from the Femicide Census
The Westminster government and devolved institutions must work with specialist organisations to develop a long term, sustainable funding model with national oversight for specialist domestic abuse and violence against women and girls services.
Public services, including police, social services, health, housing and other relevant agencies, must review and implement learnings from the Femicide Census, domestic homicide reviews, serious case reviews, fatal accident inquiries and coroners’ notices following the death or suicide of a woman after experiencing male violence.
Forty nine women were killed as a result of domestic violence in three years – despite reporting their abusers to the authorities, police data has revealed. But the death toll could be higher as only 31 of 44 police forces responded to the Freedom of Information (FOI) request before the 20-working day deadline. The victims died at the hands of stalkers, former or current partners between 2015 and 2017. West Yorkshire Police was the worst performing force when it came to protecting women, with nine killed during that period. Avon and Somerset Constabulary and North Wales Police followed with seven and five deaths respectively. The data was obtained by Broadly UK, VICE’s women’s interest site.
Unacceptable Laura Richards, founder of anti-stalking charity Paladin, said: “These figures are unacceptable. “Many of the men identified through these figures will be serial abusers who target multiple victims, over time escalating to murder. “These are the most dangerous of cases – they are murders in slow motion – yet women are still not being believed or taken seriously when they report to police.” The data includes the case of Molly McLaren, 23, who was murdered by ex-boyfriend Joshua Stimpson in broad daylight in June 2017. Miss McLaren twice reported Stimpson, 26, to police for harassment after she ended their seven-month relationship. But days later he stabbed the university student 75 times in her car in Chatham, Kent. During the trial, it emerged that Stimpson had stalked two previous girlfriends. He was convicted of Miss McLaren’s murder and jailed for at least 26 years. Preventable deaths Sirin Kale, associate editor at Broadly UK, said: “I remember reading about the death of Molly McLaren. Her case was so horrifying I thought it must be unique – until I researched further and realised it wasn’t. “Many of these women would be alive today had we – the public, the government and the police – took the crime of stalking and abuse more seriously. “I hope this investigation will help push forward that change.” Stalkers Register Now, Broadly UK and Paladin have launched the ‘Unfollow Me’ campaign, which is calling on the government to introduce a Stalkers Register. Ms Kale said more awareness is needed on the behaviour of dangerous men as they “bounce from partner-to-partner”. She told i: “We can become desensitised to the stories of women being killed by abusive ex-boyfriends and stalkers. “But if we dig deeper, the perpetrator profile seems to be similar – it’s men who have histories of violence and controlling or coercive behaviour towards multiple partners. “If somebody was looking at these cases and joining the dots, you can predict how these men are going to go on and kill women.”
The number of recorded stalking offences has trebled in England and Wales since 2014 – but prosecution rates have plunged, figures show.
It comes after a report a year ago found police were putting victims at risk by not investigating or recording complaints correctly.
National police lead on stalking and harassment, Deputy Chief Constable Paul Mills, admitted there was “more to do”.
The Home Office said the rise was due to better recording of offences.
In 2014-15 there were 2,882 recorded offences of stalking, yet by 2017-18 that figure had climbed to 10,214, according to Home Office figures.
The percentage of people charged has significantly reduced, however.
Of the 6,702 cases in which a charge could have been brought, only 1,692 offences (25%) led to one.
The percentage was far higher in 2014-15, when 49% of reported crimes resulted in a charge. That figure fell to 32% in 2015-16 and 30% in 2016-17.
The Home Office said: “The increase in the number of recorded offences is likely to be due to improvements in police recording and increased use of the stalking offence by the police.”
However, it said there was still more to be done and was working with the police, CPS and other professionals to improve response and give better protection to victims.
Dave Mooney, from London, was stalked for eight years by a man he met in the karaoke bar he works in. The man is currently in prison after being convicted of stalking.
He said: “He would do a lot of the abuse on Facebook, making web pages up about me, saying that I’m a paedophile, I’m a rapist, I beat my wife and kids up, that sort of thing, with my full address and phone number.
“It’s completely relentless, it wears you down, it makes you upset. I mean I’ve contemplated suicide in the past because of this guy.
“It seems that all the help is being given to the person that’s actually committing the crime, rather than me, the victim. Again it is very frustrating and you feel that you’re on your own and you’re not getting any help.”
Laura Richards, from Paladin Advocacy Service, said stalking was “murder in slow motion”.
“Sadly, victims – predominately women and girls – pay with their lives. I have to say that… when murders are reviewed, the police will say ‘we will learn these lessons’ and ‘we’ve made the right changes’, but I’m not seeing that with the leadership.
“I’m not seeing leaders saying this is a priority and actually resourcing these cases and training these staff appropriately.”
The report by the Inspectorate of Constabulary and the Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, which was published in July 2017, concluded that victims of harassment and stalking were being failed by police.
The joint inspection looked at 112 recent cases in depth, but found not a single one was dealt with properly.
The report also said police officers were failing to recognise repeated signs of a stalker, by treating each complaint in isolation rather than being part of a pattern.
That in turn meant police and prosecutors did not see the bigger picture or appreciate the full scale of the harm suffered by the victim.
Mr Mills added: “I still think there’s more to do, I think there’s still under-reporting in relation to these crimes.
“That’s why we’re absolutely committed to making sure that the police service response to what are difficult crimes to investigate is as good as it can be, working with other agencies such as the Crown Prosecution Service, the Home Office and other support agencies.”
Written by: Baroness Bertin The House Magazine Posted On: 14th January 2019
Stalking is a crime that affects millions of people. We must build an approach to dealing with this issue that protects victims at the earliest opportunity, says Baroness Bertin
The Stalking Protection Bill would give police additional tools to protect victims of stalking Credit: PA
Stalking is a terrifying crime, a sinister form of harassment that leaves many victims living in a state of psychological distress. The relentless and repetitive nature of this unwanted contact can often engulf peoples’ lives in fear and can also escalate to far more serious crimes such as murder and rape.
Not only is this a terrifying crime, but it is also far more prevalent than you might expect. One in five women and one in 10 men will experience stalking behaviour in their adult life time – that is millions of past, present, and future victims.
That is why I’m so proud to be promoting a Private Members Bill this week which, if passed, will give police an additional tool to protect these millions of victims at the earliest opportunity.
The Stalking Protection Bill has been admirably taken through the Commons by Sarah Wollaston, and I am immeasurably grateful to her, as well as the brave individuals who have spoken out about their own harrowing experiences as part of this process.
So why is this Bill so important? Firstly, it fills a clear gap in our existing regime for tackling cases of stalking. This is particularly the case in instances of stranger stalking, where stalking occurs outside of a domestic abuse context, or where the perpetrator is not a current or former intimate partner of the victim. In these cases, there is currently no mechanism for police to step in and protect victims at an early stage. Stalking Protection Orders fix this issue, giving police the tools they need to intervene in these situations.
Secondly, and perhaps most importantly, this Bill faces up to stalking in a way that fully acknowledges the very nature of this crime.
In the past, so many victims have been left in dangerous positions because stalking is, by definition, a crime of repetition. Policing this crime therefore means we have to spot patterns of behaviour, drawing a line between actions that may seem innocuous in isolation but, through repetition cause significant psychological harm. Stalking Protection Orders provide a legal mechanism through which police can protect victims at the earliest opportunity, the speed with which these orders can be applied could also help stop behaviour becoming entrenched and escalating.
This creates a formal means for the police to notify individuals that their pattern of behaviour is not only causing harm, but also that it must now cease. And importantly a breach of an order would be a criminal offence.
Police and Magistrates can specify exactly what these harmful behaviours are in any individual case and ban the repetition of these behaviours for a period of at least two years. This is a bespoke regime, not only with prohibitions but also with the potential for positive requirements being placed on the perpetrators, such as behavioural therapy.
Another purpose of bills such as this is to ensure that everyone throughout the criminal justice system takes issues like stalking seriously. This is a significant opportunity for us to raise awareness of this issue – stalking cannot be demeaned to a level where victims are referred to as having an “admirer”.
Ultimately, though, we have to ask what our response to this issue says about us as a society. It is clear that men are also victims of stalking, indeed a number of my male friends have experienced this.
But it is a crime that disproportionately affects women and is yet another reason why women are more likely to fear for their safety. We owe it to the many millions of women that have been and will be affected by this crime, to build an approach to stalking that protects them properly.
I am so proud to be involved in this work, because this legislation lets us see the bigger picture, it lets us address specific and individual patterns of behaviour on a case by case basis, and most importantly it lets us provide a new first layer of protection for millions of people who have previously been living in fear.
Baroness Bertin is a Conservative peer. The second reading of the Stalking Protection Bill is on Friday 18th January