Uncategorized

Israel… GUT-CP will make you into the technological powerhouse of the 21st century… THE TECHNOLOGICAL SUPERPOWER!

The British have essentially had a complete mental breakdown because of this!
(they couldn’t handle the power of the Sun). 

No offence Israel, but I’m coming to Tel Aviv… to Jerusalem, and I’m going to get Biblical on your arses! 😀

“For the first time in human history, the power of the Sun has been brought down to the surface of planet Earth”
“The most important discovery since fire”

grand

I have NEVER been so serious of anything in my life… Israel, take all those Quantum Physics books and (don’t burn them) but put them to one side for a moment… take physics back one hundred years and start a fresh… read Randell Mills’ work… read The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics… study it in depth, from it’s inception, it’s history, it’s continual evolution… the background to hydrino energy… the implications it has in EVERY of discipline of science (and philosophy).

This discovery is the greatest in recent human history… anyone that grasps it, and understands it, masters it, can propel technology and science forward in ways we can not yet imagine.

EVERYTHING from energy, physics, cosmology, chemistry, genetics, molecular biology, drug development, ‘anti-gravity’, synthetic materials, electronics… there is NOTHING this is not going to effect… aviation, space exploration, mineral extraction, medicine…

I’ve exhausted myself… I don’t know what else to say. Israel… apply your best and brightest to this, whilst everyone else is pursuing ‘Quantum’… you will emerge as the technological powerhouse of the next hundred years… a technological superpower… unrivalled and untouchable.
(sorry to those that disagree but there are military applications, I imagine Israel is already thinking the same!)

It’s the greatest gift you have since… … the Ark of the Covenant! 😀
(you can build yourself a new one! A 21st century Ark of the Covenant!)

grand

http://www.brettholverstott.com/

https://brilliantlightpower.com/

http://philosophystorm.org/koroeda

https://www.infinite-energy.com/iemagazine/issue130/WallIE130.pdf

https://www.infinite-energy.com/iemagazine/issue131/WallIE131Part2.pdf

http://www.infinite-energy.com/iemagazine/issue142/WallIE142.pdf

http://www.blacklightpower.com/wp-content/uploads/pdf/Natutech.nl_Article.pdf

https://vimeo.com/user26477140/videos

http://webcast.massey.ac.nz/Mediasite/Play/8ef7e03e26fc458b8eb7f351738f26811d

https://www.millsian.com/

https://fcnp.com/2018/08/17/great-energy-transition-fires-floods-fossil-fuels-new-energy/

https://www.villagevoice.com/tag/randell-mills/

https://www.infinite-energy.com/images/pdfs/RosenblumIE17.pdf

http://www.cheniere.org/misc/mills.htm

https://cen.acs.org/articles/94/i44/Cold-fusion-died-25-years.html

https://cognitivecarbonspot.wordpress.com/

http://pubs.acs.org/subscribe/archive/ci/31/i10/html/10vp.html

https://www.researchgate.net/topic/hydrino

https://fcnp.com/2018/12/20/great-transition-progress-new-sources-energy/

Other inventions/patents from Dr Randell Mills ranging from genetic sequencing to selective drug delivery to Resonant magnetic susceptibility imagine (ReMSI)… the guys a genius!…
https://www.google.com/search?q=randell+mills

Climate Change, energy, Environment, Global Warming, technology

Energy Transitions 2019 – New Actors, New Technologies, New Business Models -March 18, Chatham House, London (THE CHATHAM HOUSE RULE!), The Rothschild Foundation.

“When a meeting, or part thereof, is held under the Chatham House Rule, participants are free to use the information received, but neither the identity nor the affiliation of the speaker(s), nor that of any other participant, may be revealed.”

£1302.00 … for a one day conference! No wonder these people rule the world!

chatham

Energy Transitions 2019

Leadership in a climate of disruptive change
18 March 2019 – 9:30am 5:30pm
Chatham House, London

Conference
Energy Transitions 2019
New Actors, New Technologies, New Business Models
18 March 2019 – 9:30am to 5:30pm
Chatham House, London

Overview

A global shift in the energy sector is under way with the rise of renewable energy sources spearheaded by their dominance of investment in the power sector. This is leading to disruptive change as the greater deployment of renewables and many associated technologies, such as storage, are challenging existing business models and threatening the market dominance of the existing actors. At the same time investment in fossil fuels has stabilized, as a slowdown of the financing of coal has been balanced by modest increases in spending in upstream oil and gas.

New global trends, electrification of new sectors such as transport and heating, along with the provision of modern energy services to over a billion people lacking access could further disrupt the energy sector, and the future impacts of these transitions on global energy security and sustainable transitions globally remain unclear.

Therefore, now, more than ever, it is critical that policy-makers and business leaders re-evaluate current and future strategies for delivering the domestic and international energy transition. The fourth annual Chatham House Energy Transitions conference will examine the new drivers of change, focusing on how different economies and industries can make the shift to a low-carbon energy future. Key questions to be explored include:

  • What will incentivize an acceleration in decarbonization and drive low-carbon innovation?
  • How can new technologies be deployed to transform grid interaction and enhance connectivity?
  • What are the implications of the changing policy environment for low-carbon investment?
  • How do disruptive shifts in the energy sector affect the prospects for enhancing access to clean, safe and sustainable energy in developing countries?

The Chatham House Rule
To enable as open a debate as possible, this conference will be held under the Chatham House Rule.

chatham1

Chatham_House.jpg
“Have I applied?… maybe!” 😀

The Waddesdon Club: Mainstreaming Climate in Finance and Economic Decision-making

Achieving the Paris Agreement’s goal of limiting temperature increases to ‘well below’ 2°C requires environmental leadership to rapidly emerge within the world’s centres of economic policymaking: treasuries, finance ministries and ministries of economy and business.
Waddesdon-Club-2018-06-28
Plenary Session at the Waddesdon Club 2018 annual meeting

The urgency of climate change dictates that the next generation of leaders must deliver the economic transformation needed; these individuals need to understand how climate and environment challenges will affect their time in power and define their legacies.
Our Work

The Waddesdon Club is Chatham House’s response – through engaging future leaders, it seeks to equip them with the necessary tools, concepts, language, and capacities for influence needed to advance a mainstream economic agenda for climate change and sustainable development. Core to this approach is an annual retreat at Waddesdon Manor, offering a unique opportunity for participants to deepen their knowledge; widen their peer network, including meeting leading international experts; and share their respective perceptions, experiences and ideas on climate change issues.~

Previous Waddesdon Club Retreats

The inaugural Waddesdon Club retreat was held in October 2016 with a broad focus on the importance of low-carbon industrial strategies in mobilizing capital for low-carbon investment, driving down technology costs, fostering innovation and phasing out high-emitting activities.

The second Waddesdon Club retreat took place in early 2018, with a discussion on the practical policy challenges of managing the green economy transition. Expert speakers highlighted the role of international institutions in shaping norms, policies and financial flows. Participants addressed the need for a vision that brings together poverty alleviation, tackling inequality and addressing climate change for a just transition amidst rapid decarbonisation.

ROTHSCHILD FOUNDATION
waddesdon1

Chatham House ‘Waddeson Club’ at Windmill Hill

Achieving the Paris Agreement’s goal of limiting temperature increases requires strong environmental leadership within economic policymaking. In October 2016, Chatham House used the unique setting of Windmill Hill to convene future leaders in finance and economy ministries from across the globe. The self styled ‘Waddesdon Club’ aimed to enhance understanding of climate and environmental challenges and ensure consideration within policy making at the highest level.
waddesdon2

Organised by the Energy, Environment and Resources department and the International Economic departments at Chatham House the ‘retreat’ was attended by leading economic policymakers and experts from the fields of climate science, energy and finance. Utilising the inspiration of Windmill Hill, itself a celebration of the conservation and environmental work pursued by the Rothschild Foundation, attendees shared knowledge on the current political and economic context and explored the intersections of environmental and economic policymaking. With the long term aim of supporting economies to respond more effectively to global change, the event identified recommendations for future discussion.

In order to enhance attendees’ experience and support effective communication, a dedicated mobile app was developed for the event. Co-created by Chatham House and digital tool provider, Lumi, the app allowed real-time updates and feedback as well as being an on-going resource which supports the implementation of ideas discussed at the event.
Chatham House plan to continue the momentum built through the first Waddesdon Club with future events at Windmill Hill.

Philosophy, physics, quantum physics

The Quantum Physics Fairy Tale (Tales from Immanuel Kant)

“Quantum Physics is a fairy tale! Like a pretty, perfect looking magical castle in the distance… but when you finally get up close and inside… it’s a dark deceptive trap that you can never escape from!… … And it’s about to collapse!”

From David Harriman’s course “The Philosophic Corruption of Physics,”…

Below is a series of lectures, David Harriman’s series, “The Philosophic Corruption of Physics/Reality.” Herein, he walks us through the history of physics and how the Kantian philosophy subverted the science.

“I love the way this guy pronounces ‘Kant’… it’s like the posh English way of pronouncing…
“Okey dokey Danny Boy!”
“Quite fitting though really!” 😀

astro-physics, cosmology, GUT-CP, hydrino, particle physics

GAMBIT, Prometheus… (confirming GUT-CP using supercomputers?… unlocking the secrets of the Universe?)

“Anyone that knows me personally, knows I am literally like a little boy when it comes to this one! … X-Men comics! Anyone? No? GUESS WHO MY FAVOURITE X-MAN WAS!” 😀
“And still is?”
“GAMBIT! Well… I’m more inclined towards Magnetos Brotherhood these days”

gambit1

In the 21st century, physicists, mathematicians and theoreticians have turned to supercomputers in their quest for the ‘Unified Theory’ of physics. Supercomputers have been used in every field from cosmology, Astro-physics, particle physics, to the search for the elusive ‘dark matter’ (which Mills has identified as ‘hydrino’). Thus far each effort (as far as I’m aware) has been based on the ‘Standard Model’ of physics, and as of yet produced no concrete results, new theories or confirmation of existing ones (I.e. Standard Model).

Supercomputer Confirms Standard Model Theory Of The Universe, Mystery Deepens (eh?)

Why not use a supercomputer to test Mills’ GUT-CP model of atomic structure, and of the Universe? Mills has almost single handily built an entirely new model of physics, of the atom and electron… and has thus far proven to be far more accurate than the Standard Model and Quantum Mechanics.
Millsian software (as discussed previously) is a perfect example of the accuracy of his model in regards to molecular structure and calculating bond energy transfers. GUT-CP has predicted everything from the accelerated expansion of the Universe to recently confirmed ‘gravitational’ waves.

One such effort in the search for ‘dark matter’, ‘new physics’ and the fundamentals of particle physics & cosmology is the GAMBIT Collaboration project. GAMBIT is The Global And Modular BSM Inference Tool, and is made up of a collection of researchers from scientific intuitions worldwide, using the supercomputer Prometheus (amongst others) in the search for dark matter and a unified theory.
prom3

GAMBIT narrows the hiding places for ‘new physics’
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences
“Is it possible for today’s apparatus to detect the elementary particles of ‘new physics’ that are capable of explaining such mysteries as the nature of dark matter or the lack of symmetry between matter and antimatter? To answer this question, scientists from the international GAMBIT (Global and Modular Beyond-the-Standard-Model Inference Tool) Collaboration have developed a set of software tools that comprehensively analyse data collected during the most sophisticated contemporary experiments and measurements.”
“Although almost a century has passed since Zwicky’s discovery, it has not been possible to investigate the composition of dark matter to this day, nor even to unambiguously confirm its existence. Over this time, theoreticians have constructed many extensions of the Standard Model containing particles that are to a greater or lesser extent exotic.”

prom1

The following article from Physics World explains GAMBIT, the history of the ‘discovery’ of ‘dark matter’ and the subsequent search for it’s identity’.
When supercomputers go over to the dark side
“Despite oodles of data and plenty of theories, we still don’t know what dark matter is. Martin White and Pat Scott describe how a new software tool called GAMBIT – run on supercomputers such as Prometheus – will test how novel theories stack up when confronted with real data”
“Unexpected scientific paradigm shifts, where reality turns out not to be as we believed, can be just as exciting and perplexing. One such dramatic change in perspective has been the dawning realization over the last few decades that “ordinary” matter accounts for just a fifth of the matter in the universe, with the rest made of a mysterious “dark” matter. Physicists love unsolved problems, and they don’t come much bigger than working out the nature of this dark stuff.
If a blockbuster movie is ever made about the discovery of dark matter, the next decade may well be the climax. New data from experiments such as CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are telling us more about what dark matter can and cannot be, while the recent discovery of gravitational waves reminds us that even century-old theories (general relativity in this case) can be spectacularly confirmed in the blink of an eye”

gambitroom
The Cracow supercomputer Prometheus

GAMBIT project suggests theoretical particles are too massive for LHC detection
“The idea of the GAMBIT Collaboration is to create tools for analyzing data from as many experiments as possible, from different areas of physics, and to compare them very closely with the predictions of new theories. Looking comprehensively, it is possible to narrow the search areas of new physics much faster, and over time also eliminate those models whose predictions have not been confirmed in measurements,” explains Dr. Marcin Chrzaszcz
Verification of the new physics proposals takes place in the GAMBIT Collaboration as follows: Scientists choose a theoretical model and build it into the software. The program then scans the values of the main model parameters. For each set of parameters, predictions are calculated and compared to the data from the experiments.
“In practice, nothing is trivial here. There are models where we have as many as 128 free parameters. Imagine scanning in a space of 128 dimensions—it’s something that kills every computer. Therefore, at the beginning, we limited ourselves to three versions of simpler supersymmetric models, known under the abbreviations CMSSM, NUHM1 and NUHM2. They have five, six and seven free parameters, respectively. But things nonetheless get complicated, because, for example, we only know some of the other parameters of the Standard Model with a certain accuracy. Therefore, they have to be treated like free parameters too, only changing to a lesser extent than the new physics parameters,” says Dr. Chrzaszcz.

The GAMBIT Project website gives the following explanation –
“Welcome to the GAMBIT homepage. GAMBIT is a global fitting code for generic Beyond the Standard Model theories, designed to allow fast and easy definition of new models, observables, likelihoods, scanners and backend physics codes.”
gambit2

Thus far, ALL previous efforts with GAMBIT and Prometheus have led to dead ends (like all of modern QM physics), but it is worth noting that all previous efforts using Prometheus have been built upon or have expanded upon THE STANDARD MODEL!

What if this code, or at least these supercomputers where used for Mills’ GUT-CP and hydrino model? Entering a theory based upon Classical Laws? Expanding upon Newton, Maxwell equations… essentially used to enter ALL of Mills 30 year research, theories, predictions and equations… tested against known observables in the Universe?

I believe the results of doing so would be extraordinary accurate  compared to all previous attempts, and would be the beginning of creating a computer model/simulation of the Universe to such a degree of accuracy never before witnessed in mathematics, particle physics, Astro-physics and cosmology… essentially the beginning of creating a computer simulation of the history of the Universe, past, previous ;o, present and future… A COMPUTER SIMUALTION OF THE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSE!
(as well as confirming hydrino as dark matter, the expansion/contraction of the Universe, gravitational waves and causes etc.)

Surely if all these Quantum Physicists, Astro-physicists and cosmologists are saying Mills is fundamentally wrong… take a risk and run it on a supercomputer such as Prometheus (fitting name considering!)… take a GAMBIT!

gambitcard
Gambit… ‘the ability to convert the potential energy stored in an inanimate object into pure light kinetic energy, thus “charging” that item with highly explosive results.’ 😀

“The intro to the awsomest cartoon ever! I’m going to walk down the aisle to this theme!”

Environment, Global Warming, hydrino, Planet Earth, Terraforming

‘Terraforming Planet Earth’ – Brilliant Light Power and ‘hydrino’ energy (California, Sahara, Africa, Oceans)

“The application of unlimited, unbounded energy are only constrained by human imagination, ingenuity and ambition” – Dr Randell Mills

Brilliant Light Power Terraforming Application Video
(The music! 😀 … No dolphins? 😦 )

“We need to start terraforming the planet in a positive and beneficial way for the sake of the survival of our species and all life on Earth… because at the moment we’re terraforming Earth like General Zod!…
Take California for example, severe drought and water shortages, catastrophic wild fires… … although when those fires reached Rupert Murdoch’s home, I was privately thinking ‘swings and roundabouts!’… … but we could create a global paradise of abundance if we utilised this technology correctly”

As the human population sets to exceed 10 billion by 2030, the constraints put on the planets eco-system and resources are becoming ever more apparent. 2018 has witnessed a number of clear signs of catastrophic global warming and climate change including continued drought and wildfires in California, severe heatwaves and wildfires in Greece and Europe, continued melting of the Arctic/Antarctic ice sheets, increased intensity in hurricanes and tropical storms, and the slowing of the Atlantic Gulf Stream. It is clear that humans are having a profound and consequential effect on the planets environment and eco-systems, in what scientists are calling the ‘Anthropocene Epoch’. Current research shows that at current living trends, humankind requires between 1.7 to 4 planets Earths to sustain our population demand. (dependant upon whether we choose to live like the average American citizen! :D)
something

Hydrino energy is high density, cheap, non- polluting, safe, and deployable anywhere in the world…

Obviously Brilliant Light Power and hydrino energy has the potential to eradicate the burning of ALL fossil fuels globally, thereby cutting global carbon emissions to ZERO!
Hydrino technology can also replace ‘renewable’ energy sources such as solar and wind farms, which would potentially take up millions of square miles of the Earths landmass to host. There is no radioactive or chemical waste, or any pollution of any kind.

But also Dr Mills and Brilliant Light Power envision a world where the use of ‘hydrino’ technologies will be used to transform the planets most inhospitable wastelands and arid regions into ‘lush, liveable, crop-producing expanses’ whilst ‘also preventing drought in already cultivated areas such as California.’

A recent article unveiled plans by scientists to transform areas of the Sahara into a lush rainfall region with abundant greenery.  Although the plan utilises a combination of wind turbines and solar panels, it highlights the possible ways in which future clean technologies will be used to positively alter and transform the Earths landscape.
SaharaDesertRainPower_web_1024
Scientists Have Announced an Incredible Plan to Make It Rain in The Sahara Desert
“Given everything we know about what fossil fuels are doing to the planet, the research offers a little glimpse of how alternative energy technologies could reveal surprising environmental advantages we’re not yet aware of.”
sahara-desert-rain-solar-wind-green-vegetation-1

I believe much more research should be conducted and careful consideration taken into the idea of transforming certain regions of the Earth, using hydrino power only. As pointed out in following article, transforming such areas as the Sahara may have unintended consequences for other regions such as the Amazon rainforest, and Atlantic ocean marine life…
8 Craziest Mega-Engineering Projects That Could Rework Earth
“For one, sand from the Sahara is carried into the air, across the Atlantic, and deposited in South America. The rich dust that falls from the sky, and the rain storms caused by that dust picking up moisture during it’s transoceanic journey both fertilize the Amazon rain forest. No desert, no dust. No dust, no rain forest. During that journey, the dust also feeds a variety of sea life.”

Brett Holverstott mentions in his talk, in regards to how hydrino energy has the potential to help alleviate, if not eradicate :-
Climate change
Ice cap melting
Ocean acidification
The dying of marine life
Being deployable in the third world
The cutting down of the Amazon rainforest
Global city smog
Construction of river dams
… amongst numerous other potential environmental benefits.

Quite simply, this technology has the potential to avoid the almost inevitable human catastrophe that is lurking around histories corner. I.e. Earths sixth biggest mass extinction event (including potentially our own).

I also believe our new understanding of atomic structure and molecular physics (Millsian), could pave the way for new cleaner technologies and sustainable materials in industries other than energy. These may include :-
– Plastics and materials
– Food and crop growth
– Fertilisers and agriculture
– Mining and mineral extraction
– Methods for cleaning up past environmental damage (plastics, carbon emissions, nuclear and toxic waste), essentially reversing the damage already caused by the Industrial Revolution.

“The application of unlimited, unbounded energy are only constrained by human imagination, ingenuity and ambition” – Dr Randell Mills

einstein
Einstein… clever guy… didn’t like Quantum Mechanics! 😀

“Before we venture out into the stars, looking to terraform other planets… maybe we should take a look back at our own and try and reverse the damage we’ve done here” – Danny Hurley

Robert Senftleben: Terraforming Planet Earth
Large parts of the surface of our planet have been devastated by human activity. Terraforming on a human scale is needed to bring these landscapes back to life. The knowledge and technology is there, and you can learn how to use it and participate.

EXCELLENT TED TALK!
How to green the world’s deserts and reverse climate change | Allan Savory
“Desertification is a fancy word for land that is turning to desert,” begins Allan Savory in this quietly powerful talk. And terrifyingly, it’s happening to about two-thirds of the world’s grasslands, accelerating climate change and causing traditional grazing societies to descend into social chaos. Savory has devoted his life to stopping it. He now believes — and his work so far shows — that a surprising factor can protect grasslands and even reclaim degraded land that was once desert.

Update (13/09/2-18) ;D
Gaia 2.0  (Timothy M. Lenton, Bruno Latour – University of Exeter)
gaia1

Famous theory of the living Earth upgraded to ‘Gaia 2.0’Famous theory of the living Earth upgraded to ‘Gaia 2.0’

September 13, 2018, University of Exeter

“A time-honoured theory into why conditions on Earth have remained stable enough for life to evolve over billions of years has been given a new, innovative twist.

For around half a century, the ‘Gaia’ hypothesis has provided a unique way of understanding how life has persisted on Earth.
It champions the idea that living organisms and their inorganic surroundings evolved together as a single, self-regulating system that has kept the planet habitable for life—despite threats such as a brightening Sun, volcanoes and meteorite strikes.
However, Professor Tim Lenton from the University of Exeter and famed French sociologist of science Professor Bruno Latour are now arguing that humans have the potential to ‘upgrade’ this planetary operating system to create “Gaia 2.0”.
They believe that the evolution of both humans and their technology could add a new level of “self-awareness” to Earth’s self-regulation, which is at the heart of the original Gaia theory.
As humans become more aware of the global consequences of their actions, including climate change, a new kind of deliberate self-regulation becomes possible where we limit our impacts on the planet.
Professors Lenton and Latour suggest that this “conscience choice” to self-regulate introduces a “fundamental new state of Gaia—which could help us achieve greater global sustainability in the future.
However, such self-aware self-regulation relies on our ability to continually monitor and model the state of the planet and our effects upon it.
Professor Lenton, Director of Exeter’s new Global Systems Institute, said: “If we are to create a better world for the growing human population this century then we need to regulate our impacts on our life support-system, and deliberately create a more circular economy that relies—like the biosphere—on the recycling of materials powered by sustainable energy.”
The original Gaia Theory was developed in the late 1960’s by James Lovelock, a British scientist and inventor. It suggested that both the organic and inorganic components of Earth evolved together as one single, self-regulating system which can control global temperature and atmospheric composition to maintain its own habitability.
The new perspective article is published in leading journal Science on September 14, 2018.
It follows recent research, led by Professor Lenton, which offered a fresh solution to how the Gaia hypothesis works in real terms: Stability comes from “sequential selection” in which situations where life destabilises the environment tend to be short-lived and result in further change until a stable situation emerges, which then tends to persist.
Once this happens, the system has more time to acquire further properties that help to stabilise and maintain it—a process known as “selection by survival alone”.
Creating transformative solutions to the global changes that humans are now causing is a key focus of the University of Exeter’s new Global Systems Institute.”

Gaia Hypothesis: Humans Have Fundamentally Altered Earth’s Self-Regulation System

cosmology, GUT-CP

Possible confirmation of Mills’ ‘Oscillating Universe’ and GUT-CP model? (remnants of a prior Universe)

“I actually emailed Roger Penrose with this last year.”
“Did you get a response?”
“No… but then he is ‘Sir’ Roger Penrose, and what we know of the Queens Knighthood list, is it reads like a God damn sex offen..
“Drop it Danny Boy!”

Planck-CMB-635x318

Recent observations made by both the Planck observatory and the BICEP2 South Pole telescope, indicate possible remnants of a previous Universe. This possible indication has been interpreted by a number of physicists in different ways, but Roger Penrose of Oxford University believes what is being seen in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) data, are radioactive swirls dubbed ‘Hawking Holes’, thus being proof of a previous Universe existing prior to this present one, in what he and his colleagues call the “conformal cyclic cosmology” (CCC).
(It is worth noting these conclusions are drawn mainly from the data from the Planck observatory, and raw data from the BICEP2 is still to be released)

Radioactive swirls in the cosmos may rewrite the origin story of the universe
“The idea is called “conformal cyclic cosmology” (CCC), and what it asserts is that, rather than starting from a big bang, the universe continually expands and contracts, each time leaving behind tiny bits of electromagnetic radiation that remain as the process occurs over and over. The late Stephen Hawking predicted tiny dots of radiation, which others call ‘Hawking points’, left over from this cycle.”

These Swirls of Light Could Be Signs of a Previous Universe Existing Before Ours
“Penrose’s CCC model was developed as an answer to a curious imbalance between measurements of our early Universe’s temperature and the state of order we might expect.
According to him, this imbalance could be accounted for by the death of a pre-existing universe that was there before the Big Bang. Oscillating universes come in a few different forms, depending on your choice of model. Some suggest the Universe is destined to fall back in itself one day.”
bicep_mode_signal_swirls_of_light_1024

This observation, and it’s interpretation caught my attention, because according to Mills’ GUT-CP, we live in an ‘Oscillating Universe’, eternally expanding and contracting over a period of a trillion years or so (give or take). According to Mills, the Universe is in a continual state of expansion from 9 billion light years to 312 billion light years, and then contraction phase back (every 450 billion years). This process happens because, during expansion phase (or ‘annihilation’), matter is converted directly into energy (through various ‘hydrino’ chemical and nuclear processes throughout the Universe, including our own Sun), which causes spacetime to expand everywhere throughout the Universe.

NOTE – Dr Randell Mills successfully predicted the acceleration of the expanding Universe in his model prior to it’s discovery. He was also the first to successfully predict gravitational waves in to his model.

After the Universe has expanded to it’s peak radius (312 billion light years), and the engines of the expansion phase have ‘run out’ so to speak (stars, supernovas, neutron stars etc.), and most of the Universes matter has been converted into energy… the Universe will then begin it’s contraction phase and the process is reversed. Radiation will create particles, which in turn create atoms, converting ‘dark energy’ into matter, thus contracting spacetime everywhere throughout the Universe.

“The conversion of matter into energy causes spacetime, and thus the universe, to expand, since light has inertial but no gravitational mass. The acceleration of the expansion of the presently observed universe was predicted by Mills in 1995 and has since been confirmed experimentally. Mills predicts that the universe expands and contracts over thousand-billion year cycles.” – Brilliant Light Power

hydrinoexpansionuniverse
Brett Holverstott ‘Randell Mills and the Search for Hydrino Energy’ Pg 283… Pg. 288 “Mills’s universe did not start with a bang. It may have structures that predate the beginning of the expansion by many billions of years.”

It is important to note that The Big Bang Theory is just that… a theory, and no direct evidence for it has ever been put forward. The idea was based upon the fact that the Universe was expanding (prior to knowledge of it’s acceleration, which should in turn discount the theory). Many physicists and cosmologists throughout the 20th century questioned the theory, and by early 21st century a vast array of evidence has slowly accumulated to discount it.

– Reiss 1998. Hubble date showed that the Universe was NOT decelerating as predicted by the Big Bang Theory, but actually accelerating. Unknown to most in science, Mills had successfully predicted this two years prior in GUT-CP model. (this is when the idea of ‘dark’ matter’ came to the forefront of physics in order to account for this surprising observation).

– Space Circles Are Proof of a Pre-Big Bang Universe? (2010) Recycled-universe theory “works on paper,” but details missing, critics say.cmb– 3 Theories That Might Blow Up the Big Bang (Steinhardt and Turok)
“Steinhardt and Turok—working closely with a few like-minded colleagues—have now developed these insights into a thorough alternative to the prevailing, Genesis-like view of cosmology. According to the Big Bang theory, the whole universe emerged during a single moment some 13.7 billion years ago. In the competing theory, our universe generates and regenerates itself in an endless cycle of creation. The latest version of the cyclic model even matches key pieces of observational evidence supporting the older view.”
“We weren’t looking for cycles,” Steinhardt says, “but the model naturally produces them.” After a collision, energy gives rise to matter in the brane worlds. The matter then evolves into the kind of universe we know: galaxies, stars, planets, the works. Space within the branes expands, and at first the distance between the branes (in the bulk) grows too. When the brane worlds expand so much that their space is nearly empty, however, attractive forces between the branes draw the world-sheets together again. A new collision occurs, and a new cycle of creation begins. In this model, each round of existence—each cycle from one collision to the next—stretches about a trillion years. By that reckoning, our universe is still in its infancy, being only 0.1 percent of the way through the current cycle.
The cyclic universe directly solves the problem of before. With an infinity of Big Bangs, time stretches into forever in both directions. “The Big Bang was not the beginning of space and time,” Steinhardt says. “There was a before, and before matters because it leaves an imprint on what happens in the next cycle.”

– As these Forbes articles explain, it is now accepted amongst theoreticians that a singularity within the Big Bang Model is an impossibility within mathematics and the laws of physics.
There Was No Big Bang Singularity
The Big Bang Wasn’t The Beginning, After All

– As Holverstott states in ‘Randell Mills and the search for Hydrino energy’, numerous ‘ancient’ structures are being discovered throughout the Cosmos that seem to predate the accepted 13.6 billion years ‘beginning’.
~Including a ‘quasar that is 13 billion light years away, yet powered by a black hole about 2 billion times the mass of the Sun’ (Mortlock 2011).
~A star smaller than our own Sun, which has almost no trace of elements heavier than hydrogen or helium, with a ratio of helium lower than that theoretically created in the big bang. Dubbed ‘The Star That Should Not Exist’ (which is so sweet! :D)

eso1132a
“Hi! I’m SDSS J102915+172927, in the constellation Leo (The Lion), I’m older than 13 billion years and everyone says I shouldn’t have come into existence in the first place… WELL FUCK YOU!… … What do want? A picture?” 😀

– More recently a gargantuan black hole found in 2013, again throws doubt upon the notion of nothing in our ‘known’ Universe existing prior. I believe many more objects and structures will be found in the coming years and decades that will support Mils’ GUT-CP and his ‘Oscillating Universe’ Model.blackholequasar.png
– Young black hole had monstrous growth spurt
Super-massive object found in early Universe tests theories of cosmic evolution.
“A black hole that grew to gargantuan size in the Universe’s first billion years is by far the largest yet spotted from such an early date, researchers have announced. The object, discovered by astronomers in 2013, is 12 billion times as massive as the Sun, and six times greater than its largest-known contemporaries. Its existence poses a challenge for theories of the evolution of black holes, stars and galaxies, astronomers say.”

Mills model of an Oscillating Universe is NOT to be confused with other models such as the Big Bounce or CCC, which are still based in Quantum Models such as string or M theory… this is a truly original, more eloquent and simpler model, that has been arrived at through a classical understanding of atomic structure and gravitational forces (i.e hydrino model).
For further details see…
Summary Of Randell Mills’s Unified Theory (Holverstott)

and of course Randell Mills’ explanation itself in ‘The Grand Unified Theory Of Classical Physics, Volume III – Collective Phenomena, High Energy Physics, & Cosmology’
(Ch. 32.7 to 32.9.5 Cosmology, The Expanding Universe and Microwave , The Period of Background, The Period Of Oscillation etc.)
gut-cpvol3

Uncategorized

UPDATED: Israel Assassinates Senior Islamic Jihad Leader

UPDATED: Israel Assassinates Senior Islamic Jihad Leader

By Jewish Press News Desk – 14 Heshvan 5780 – November 12, 2019 

Photo Credit: IDF

Islamic Jihad commander in Gaza, Baha Abu Ata

Not even 48 hours into Naftali Bennett being approved as Israel’s newest Defense Minister, the IDF resumed their policy of targeted killings and assassinated Islamic Jihad commander in Gaza, Baha Abu al-Ata, overnight on Tuesday. Al-Ata was the commander of Islamic Jihad Northern Al Quds Brigade.

Bennett was approved by the government for the Defense Minister position on Sunday, and is set to be officially sworn in as Defense Minister today at 11 AM, on Tuesday. Until (if) Bennett is sworn in later today, Netanyahu is still officially the Defense Minister.Advertisement



According to the IDF, al-Ata’s next attack against Israel was imminent.

Following the attack, the IDF sent a calming message to the Gazans stating this is not a resumption of their targeted killing policy, but rather just a one-off operation.

Israel Defense Forces@IDF

BREAKING: We just targeted Islamic Jihad commander in Gaza, Baha Abu Al Ata.

Al Ata was directly responsible for hundreds of terror attacks against Israeli civilians and soldiers.

His next attack was imminent.#JihadEnough

View image on Twitter

Baha Abu al-Ata normally surrounded himself with children as human shields making it difficult to target him. This morning, the IDF targeted his bedroom with a precision missile when he was alone with his wife.

The building where Islamic Jihad commander Baha Abu Ata was hiding. Photo by Majdi Fathi/TPS

The Prime Minister’s office announced on Tuesday morning:

“Senior Islamic Jihad commander Baha Abu al-Ata was targeted overnight in Gaza. He was responsible for many terrorist attacks and the firing of rockets at the State of Israel in recent months and had intended to carry out imminent attacks.

The IDF action was recommended by the IDF Chief-of-Staff and ISA Director and was approved by the Prime Minister and Defense Minister after it had been presented to – and approved by – the Security Cabinet.”

There have been multiple rocket attacks from Gaza since the early morning. Iron Dome has intercepted a number of missiles from the various waves.

The IDF estimates there is going to be a few days of rocket attacks against Israel.

Islamic Jihad Al Quds Brigade announced they will be attacking Israeli cities, including Hadera (in central Israel) and Jerusalem, and they are going to war.

All schools around the Gaza area within a 40 kilometer radius are closed this morning, including in Beer Sheva, Ashkelon and Ashdod.

There are also reports of a mysterious explosion in Damascus last night which killed a senior Islamic Jihad leader who was there. The explosion was in the building next door to the Lebanese Embassy in Damascus. Syria has blamed Israel for the attack and says the son of an Islamic Jihad leader was killed as were other people who were with him.

The political fallout from this strike will also affect Israel’s coalition negotiations.

To begin with, this is a hit to Avigdor Liberman, who loudly declared that he would kill Hamas terrorist leader Ismael Haniyeh within 48 hours of being appointed Defense Minister.

After Liberman was appointed Defense Minister, he did not assassinate Haniyeh. The ongoing joke in Israel is that anytime Liberman makes a proclamation, people often add on “within 48 hours” to his statement.

This takes the Arab Joint List out of the coalition negotiations equation. They have been openly hinting that they would support Gantz from the outside. Which together with Liberman, probably also on the outside, would allow Blue&White’s Benny Gantz to form a minority coalition government.

But earlier this week, MK Ahmad Tibi made it very clear on TV that his Joint Arab List would absolutely vote to disband a Gantz-led government if it launched an IDF operation against the missiles from Gaza.

Benjamin Netanyahu✔@netanyahu

As for Blue&White’s MK Benny Gantz, this now makes it much easier for him to enter a Netanyahu-led coalition, whether with a rotation deal or not – for the “national interest” of the country, of course.

Gantz has already stated that political echelon made the correct decision and that the war on terror “demands tough decisions.” According to reports, PM Netanyahu informed MK Gantz of the planned operation a week ago.

Somewhat presciently, upon accepting the Defense Minister position, MK Ayelet Shaked tweeted that Naftali Bennett had accepted the position only until a new government was formed.

Bennett’s taking over the position allows Netanyahu to focus on coalition negotiations during the fighting with Gaza, and if Gantz joins, Bennett is likely to step aside for Gantz to come in and take over as senior coalition partner and Defense Minister.

None of this is to say that this targeted assassination was politically motivated. The IDF takes targeted assassinations very seriously and only against real targets that endanger Israel. But this military action does have political ramifications and could pull Israel out of this election quagmire.

According to reporter Amit Segal, the decision to assassinate Baha Abu al-Ata was made a week before the elections, apparently after Islamic Jihad launched a missile at Ashdod while Netanyahu was speaking in the city, but the operation held up for legal and operational reasons.

As an aside, Hamas may not mind what happens next, if Israel only focuses on fighting Islamic Jihad.

Islamic Jihad has been a thorn in the side of Hamas. If the IDF doesn’t hit any Hamas targets, Hamas may be fine watching from the sidelines as its two enemies attack one another.



Uncategorized

Dubai bets billions that Expo 2020 won’t be a desert mirage… ISRAEL TO ATTEND EXPO 2020 DUBAI, AN ARAB STATE WITH WHOM IT HAS NO TIES… UAE May Allow Israeli Tourists to Expo 2020

“Expo, Expo, Expo! 😃 Yeah… I’ll be there from Oct 20th to 26th… … Let the Israelis in!… … … They promise not to assassinate anyone.” 😎

Dubai bets billions that Expo 2020 won’t be a desert mirage

by JON GAMBRELL October 17, 2019

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — It rises out of what were once rolling sand dunes stretching toward the horizon, a feverish construction site by tempo and temperature that has tens of thousands of workers building what looks like a new city in the desert of Dubai.

This is the site of Expo 2020, a world’s fair that will be hosted by a city-state that is already home to the world’s tallest building, the busiest airport for international travel, an indoor ski slope and other modern marvels.

Dubai is betting billions of dollars the expo will draw 25 million visitors, encourage business and spur further development of the city, a place that has been transformed by its ruling Al Maktoum family over the decades from a sleepy port of pearl divers and gold smugglers into a world showcase.

However, the preparations for Expo 2020 come as Dubai’s real estate market show signs of faltering amid global economic woes. Fears of military conflict across the Persian Gulf cloud organizers’ sunny projections. And the planning for the event, which begins Oct. 20, 2020, highlights the contradictions of Dubai and the wider United Arab Emirates, a nation governed by hereditary rulers, wildly enriched by its oil reserves and built by foreign laborers.

“We can only again invite, we can only be open, we can only facilitate, we can only give discounts to incentivize them to come,” said Tarek Oliveira Shayya, a board director for Expo 2020 and its chief spokesman. “The response, however, will come from them.”

World’s fairs conjure great wonders of engineering, like Paris’ Eiffel Tower for the 1889 fair. The light bulb and the Ferris wheel dazzled those at the 1893 fair in Chicago. The X-ray followed at Buffalo’s 1901 fair, and Seattle’s Space Needle opened to visitors at the 1962 fair.

But some of these extravaganzas can also turn sour. The 1984 world’s fair in New Orleans went bankrupt and required a government bailout. Expo 2000 in Germany drew 18 million visitors, well short of the 40 million expected. Milan’s 2015 expo saw rioting over corruption allegations.

While estimating Expo 2020 will account for as much as 2.5% of Dubai’s gross domestic product during its run, the government-backed bank Emirates NBD has warned that world’s fairs “have also resulted in higher than expected costs, increased debt for host cities, ‘white elephants’ and abandoned buildings.”

Dubai functions like a company town. Its marquee employers are the state-owned Emirates airline, state-backed real estate developers and other government-associated industries. And those industries helped build the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building at 828 meters (2,717 feet), the largest manmade harbor at its Jebel Ali port, and the manmade, frond-shaped Palm Jumeirah archipelago in the Persian Gulf.

An employee of the Dubai Expo 2020 visits the Al Wasl Dome at the under construction site of the Expo 2020 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. (AP Photo/Kamran Jebreili)

A worker passes in front of the Sustainability Pavilion at the under construction site of the Expo 2020 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. (AP Photo/Kamran Jebreili)

The city’s well-known appetite for megaprojects once inspired a 2016 article from the satirical website The Onion about Dubai building “the world’s first full-scale replica of Dubai, a multibillion-dollar investment known as the Dubai Experience built on the outskirts of the city-state.”

At the center of the Expo 2020 site is the Al Wasl Dome, a 65-meter-high (213-foot) structure that will see videos and designs projected across it. Its Sustainability Pavilion, which recalls the towers of New York’s 1964 world’s fair, will be covered in solar panels and surrounded by similarly paneled “energy trees” to make it a zero-energy structure. Construction crews will also build a network of roads and a connection to Dubai’s driverless Metro line.

All told, construction costs around the event are estimated at $7 billion.

“We are building a city,” Shayya said. “We are not building an Expo site. We are building a city and it’s a city that is going to be one of the smartest cities in the world.”

But Dubai will need to incorporate the new city into its sprawling real estate market after the six-month expo ends on April 10, 2021. And already, that market shows signs of trouble.

Real estate speculation and the Great Recession helped drag down Dubai’s economy in 2009. A sharp drop in oil prices in 2014 also hurt its economy, as has tension between the U.S. and Iran and the war in Yemen.

Dubai’s real estate market, which has been a major economic driver since it allowed foreigners to own property beginning in 2002, has seen its value drop by a third since its 2014 peak. Apartments, villas and office space stand empty, and more properties are due to come onto the market in the coming years, sparking enough alarm for Dubai’s government to set up a commission to come up with ways of heading off the problem.

A visitor looks at the Sustainability Pavilion of the under construction site of the Expo 2020 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. (AP Photo/Kamran Jebreili)

Expo officials point out that the German industrial conglomerate Siemens plans to open an office at the site after the expo closes. They believe other businesses, drawn by the expo, will follow suit.

However, uncompleted “white elephant” projects lurk around Dubai, like the Palm Jebel Ali, the unfinished twin of the Palm Jumeirah. A massive amusement park that recently opened near the Expo 2020 site reported a loss of $57 million last year and canceled an expansion. And the Al Maktoum International Airport, envisioned to one day take over for Dubai International Airport, has seen repeated delays to its expansion.

Success for the event may also hinge on events beyond Dubai’s control. Flights out of the country already swing wide around the Strait of Hormuz, the mouth of the Persian Gulf, because of U.S.-Iranian tensions. Yemen’s Houthi rebels, whom the UAE has been battling in a Saudi-led coalition for years, have repeatedly threatened to target the country.

Expo 2020 officials say their event will be “apolitical.” Iran will take part, officials say. Qatar, the energy-rich nation that the UAE and three other Arab countries have been boycotting over a political dispute since 2017, has been invited, and discussions are under way, said David Bishop, an Expo 2020 spokesman. Also taking part is Israel, which Gulf Arab countries don’t recognize.

Construction continues unabated. Parts of the UAE’s pavilion, which will look like a falcon in flight, and Saudi Arabia’s exhibition, which will resemble a window looking up to the sky, are up. Others have begun construction under the relentless heat and humidity of Dubai, where it can go over 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit) in the summer.

Two workers have been killed on the site, and there have been 43 other “serious incidents” resulting in injuries, said Rob Cooling, vice president of safety and environment at Expo 2020. That’s over the course of some 140 million man-hours of labor expended so far, he said, as authorities offer training and cooling areas for workers.

“When these incidents happen they are absolutely tragic, but they are subject to a very, very detailed, thorough independent investigation,” Cooling said. “Just to emphasize: At no stage are we complacent. We’re also always looking to maintain and, in fact, drive continued improvement.”

___

Follow Jon Gambrell on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/jongambrellAP.

ISRAEL TO ATTEND EXPO 2020 DUBAI, AN ARAB STATE WITH WHOM IT HAS NO TIES

By TOVAH LAZAROFF

Foreign Minister Yisrael Katz . (photo credit:” Courtesy)

Israeli-UAE relations have been improving over the past few years.Israel’s government is set to decide today on whether to participate in Expo 2020 Dubai in October of next year, which will draw some 190 nations and is expected to be the largest World’s Fair held in the Middle East and Africa.

“This reflects on-the-ground continued progress in normalization with the Arab states,” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said at the start of the weekly cabinet meeting. “We have increasingly tighter relations with at least half-a-dozen Arab states. This has been done thanks to our policy that combines strength, common interests and very careful step-by-step approach to advance normalization, which in my view, will bring about peaceful relations in the end. It will take time, but we will get there.”

According to its website, the world’s fair – the first to be held in Dubai – will attract 25 million visitors, some 70% of which are expected to come from outside the United Arab Emirates. It will take place from October 20, 2020, through April 10, 2021.

According to Expo 2020 Dubai, innovations launched at previous world’s fairs have included, “the telephone (Philadelphia, 1876), the Eiffel Tower (Paris, 1889), the Ferris wheel (Chicago, 1893), the X-ray machine (Buffalo, 1901), the ice cream cone (St. Louis, 1904), the commercial broadcast television (New York, 1939), IMAX (Osaka, 1970), touch screens (Knoxville, 1982) and the humanoid robot (Nagoya, 2005).”

Israel – which hosted a world’s fair in 1953 and attended one in Kazakhstan in 2017 – wants to spend NIS 55,300 on this one, according to information published Sunday by the Prime Minister’s Office following the meeting. That budget has yet to be approved.

The cabinet decision also called for the appointment of an expo commissioner and a committee to oversee Israel’s participation in this half-year-long event.

Israel and the UAE do not have formal diplomatic ties, but ties have warmed between the pair to the extent that formal delegations from Israel have visited and participated in international events hosted there.

Just last week, students from the Megiddo Regional High School participated in the First Global Challenge robotics Olympic-style competition in Dubai and won a silver medal. Foreign Minister Israel Katz visited Abu Dhabi in July to take part in a UN event on the environment.

In October 2018, Israeli judoka Sagi Muki won a gold medal at the Judo Grand Competition in Abu Dhabi. In his honor, Israel’s national anthem was played publicly in that country for the first time.

Hamodia Site Logo

UAE May Allow Israeli Tourists to Expo 2020

By Shimon B. LifkinWednesday, November 6, 2019 at 1:13 pm | ח’ חשון תש”פ

israel dubai
Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, the worlds tallest building, is illuminated during festivities marking the one-year countdown to Expo 2020, on October 20, 2019. (Giuseppe Cacace/AFP via Getty Images)

YERUSHALAYIM –

Warming ties between Israel and the United Arab Emirates may take more concrete form within a year, starting with Expo 2020 in Dubai, according to a media report on Wednesday.

The UAE was described by various sources as seriously considering the move, though nothing has been finalized.

Mohamed Khater, assistant director for tourism development in Ras Al Khaimah, a UAE emirate, confirmed to Yediot Aharonot that Israelis will be allowed to visit the Expo, scheduled for October 2020.

“Expo could be a pilot during which Israelis tourists will be allowed to enter the country. But even after the exhibition closes, the UAE authorities will leave the gates of the country open to Israeli tourists,” Khater said.

“Already now hundreds of Israelis trickle into the country and we will be glad to host all of them,” he added.

Israelis can currently visit the UAE if they have a foreign passport or with Israeli travel papers after getting a special entry permit.

Israel plans to have a pavilion at the international event, which is to run for 173 days and attract some 25 million visitors. It will give Israel a new venue for showcasing its innovative technologies, although it has yet to be announced which companies will participate.

Israel’s Foreign Ministry declined to comment on the report.


Uncategorized

The Amazon belongs to humanity — let’s protect it together

“Laura Yawanawa… I’ve met her! 😃 And him… I’ve met a few leaders of the Yawanawa tribe!”

The thing is… these indiginous leaders… As lovely as they are, as enlightened as they are in regards to the forest, and connection to nature… They haven’t got a fucking clue the way this world is being run! … Ninety nine per cent of humanity have no idea how this world is being run… These people haven’t got a fucking chance!

Uncategorized

ANOTHER COSMOLOGICAL CRISIS!!! The Very First Stars Formed Too Fast For Our Cosmological Models, New Evidence Shows (Randell fucking Mills, GUTCP, has predicted and solved this!)

“Look… This is just fucking ridiculous! It really is. There are going to be stars, black holes and other structures that not only date to 13 billion years… But may actually pre date 13 billion years! How? … BECAUSE THERE WAS NO ‘BIG BANG’… It is an Oscillating Universe, eternally expanding and contracting… There are structures that are going to be OLDER than 13 billion years…

(Why is everyone still obsessed with this Big Bang Theory?)

‘The star that should not exist’

The Very First Stars Formed Too Fast For Our Cosmological Models, New Evidence Shows

BY MICHELLE STARR

OCTOBER 31, 2019

When we think about the formation of the entire freaking Universe, one of the biggest questions concerns the birth of the very first stars. It’s thought that stars began appearing in the first 100 million years after the Big Bangand we’ve seen some really old stars; but the processes that created them from the primordial Universe soup are a big mystery.

But a gas cloud in the distant Universe has just given us a big clue. It’s so far away, light from this cloud has taken nearly 13 billion years to arrive, meaning we’re seeing the cloud as it was when the Universe was roughly 850 million years old – a mere blip of its current lifespan.

That cloud looks rather similar to younger gas clouds filled with elements that were forged in stars and spewed out into space in a series of explosions as those stars died. This indicates there would have been stars around that had already lived and died by 13 billion years ago.

Not just one generation, either. Based on the chemical abundances in this ancient gas cloud, at least two generations of stars had to form, live, and die to produce the chemical signature we’re seeing.

It’s a real dilly of a pickle for our models of star formation, and it was discovered entirely by accident.

Astronomer Eduardo Bañados of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy and colleagues were looking at distant quasars – galaxies with extremely bright active nuclei, or cores. When the team noticed something odd about the light from a quasar called P183+05, around 13 billion light-years away, they decided to take a closer look.

It didn’t take long before they realised that the odd signatures in the light were from a cloud of gas and dust near the quasar, through which some of the quasar’s light was being filtered, dampening some of the wavelengths.

(Max Planck Institute for Astronomy)

Because different wavelengths of light are blocked by different elements, this also provided clues as to the composition of the cloud.

“After we were convinced that we were looking at such pristine gas only 850 million years after the Big Bang,” said astronomer Michael Rauch of the Carnegie Institution of Science, “we started wondering whether this system could still retain chemical signatures produced by the very first generation of stars.” 

In the very early Universe, there wasn’t a lot of variety. Just after the Big Bang, the Universe was mostly filled with hydrogen and helium. It wasn’t until the first stars came along that more elements started to proliferate.

In their cores, stars fused hydrogen into helium, then helium into carbon, and so forth, with the more massive stars able to fuse nuclei all the way up to iron. When such stars reach the end of their lives and go supernova, the extreme conditions of these explosions can, in turn, create heavier elements.

These are taken up into new generations of stars – thus, the more metals there are in a star, the younger its generation is likely to be. And those signatures can also be used to tell the age of the gas between the stars – the interstellar medium.

Which brings us back to that super-old gas cloud. Something of a holy grail in cosmology is finding the chemical fingerprints of the very first generation of stars, known as Population III. The team thought that their gas cloud might have them.

So, they analysed the metallicity and relative chemical abundances in the cloud, based on spectra separated out from the light of the quasar.

As expected, the cloud had low metallicity, consistent with its age. But the relative chemical abundances had no evidence of being enriched by Population III stars. Rather, they were startlingly similar to those of much younger gas clouds enriched by Type Ia supernovae.

What that means is that another generation of stars separates the cloud from Population III stars – and, since Type Ia supernovae generally take around a billion years… well. We have a discrepancy.

That puts a curious constraint on the life cycles of early stars, which is going to be an interesting puzzle to solve. But there’s other evidence to suggest that the early Universe is a pretty precocious place – such as a whole bunch of supermassive black holes that we don’t think could have formed so quickly.

If this finding checks out, maybe it’s time to give the cosmological models a do-over.

Meanwhile, the team is continuing to search for clues.

“It is exciting that we can measure metallicity and chemical abundances so early in the history of the Universe, but if we want to identify the signatures of the first stars we need to probe even earlier in cosmic history,” Bañados said.

“I am optimistic that we will find even more distant gas clouds, which could help us understand how the first stars were born.”

The research is due to be published in The Astrophysical Journal, and is available on arXiv.